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#deepweb | Unreleased Outtake From Frank Zappa’s “The Hot Rats Sessions” Available Now; Six-Disc Collection Out 12/20

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

With the release of The Hot Rats Sessions – the 50th anniversary boxed set of Frank Zappa’s landmark first solo album, Hot Rats – just around the corner next Friday, December 20, the Zappa Trust is pleased to share the previously unreleased outtake, “Dame Margret’s Son To Be A Bride (1969 Quick Mix).” Recorded at T.T.G. Studios in Hollywood during the sessions for Hot Rats, the instrumental composition written by Zappa features the basic rhythm tracks, performed by Max Bennett on bass and Paul Humphrey on drums, that were eventually used for the song, “Lemme Take You To The Beach,” on 1978’s Studio Tan. Unheard until now, the song from disc 6 of the six-disc collection, also features multi-instrumentalist Ian Underwood’s tack piano performance that has since been lost, allowing the only opportunity to hear the original version. The quick mix was run off by Zappa following the basic track sessions so he could hear back what the musicians created. “Dame Margret’s Son To Be A Bride (1969 Quick Mix)” is available now to stream and as an instant grat download with preorder. Stream/purchase here: https://UMe.lnk.to/HotRats50thPR

The Zappa Trust is also excited to reveal more details and a first look at the one-of-a-kind “Zappa Land” board game included in The Hot Rats Sessions. Inspired by vintage board games, players are tasked with helping Frank get back to the studio to finish Hot Rats. Starting at home in Laurel Canyon, players will move their guitar pick playing piece through a windy and unpredictable path to the recording studio. Just make sure you don’t get attacked by hot rats or end up with a watery cup of coffee.  

Hot Rats was Zappa’s inimitable, groundbreaking first solo album which put the songwriter and musician on the map as a virtuosic guitarist and changed the course of music forever with its conceptual, compositional and technological innovations. Self-described as a “movie for your ears,” the mostly instrumental 1969 album was a new musical avenue for Zappa following the dissolution of his band The Mothers Of Invention as he melded the sophistication of jazz with the attitude of rock and roll to create a highly influential masterpiece widely hailed today as a pioneering album of jazz-rock fusion.

Releasing on December 20, just one day before what would have been Zappa’s 79th birthday, Zappa Records and UMe is celebrating Hot Rats and the legendary composer’s highly prolific 1969 period with the mammoth six-disc boxed set, The Hot Rats Sessions. This expansive new collection documents and compiles every composition recorded during several days in July 1969 when Zappa recorded Hot Rats and a wealth of other material that ended up being used throughout multiple releases during his lifetime. Filled with an abundance of rare and unedited mixes, work mixes, relevant Vault nuggets and complete basic tracks mixed from the original multi-track master tapes by Craig Parker Adams and mastered by Bob Ludwig in 2019, the collection provides a fascinating look into the making of this classic album, and includes essentially every musical entity that was recorded during these iconic sessions.

Overseen by the Zappa Trust and produced by Ahmet Zappa and Zappa Vaultmeister, Joe Travers, The Hot Rats Sessions will be available in a 6CD boxed set and digitally, including Apple Digital Master. This creatively fertile time in Zappa’s career is visually brought to life through a beautiful 28-page booklet featuring striking never-before-seen images of the recording sessions by Bill Gubbins, photographs of the master tapes and tape boxes, and stunning outtakes from original Hot Rats cover photographer, Andee Nathanson’s shoot with Miss Christine. Nathanson provides the collection’s new cover image and several unreleased photos, all from the same photoshoot, captured on Infrared film which gave the original album its otherworldly look. The photographer vividly details the shoot in the liner notes which also includes essays by Zappa collaborator Ian Underwood and Vaultmeister Travers and an appreciation from “The Simpsons” creator and lifelong Zappa fan Matt Groening, who recounts his first time listening to Hot Rats as a teenager: “From the opening moments of that unforgettable drum fill, I was transported. The kaleidoscopic, calliopean, dare-I-say-callipygian, mini-masterpiece ‘Peaches En Regalia’ elevated my scrawny body into the air, spun me around like a propeller beanie, and melted my brain.”

The original Hot Rats album will be pressed on limited edition translucent hot pink 180-gram vinyl featuring the 1969 mix mastered from the original analog master tapes by Bernie Grundman in 2008 and pressed at Pallas in Germany. Last month for Record Store Day’s Black Friday, a limited edition 10” picture disc Peaches En Regalia was released. The EP has rare mono mixes on Side A of “Peaches En Regalia” and “Little Umbrellas,” intended in 1969 as a promotional single, and the 1969 unreleased rhythm track mixes from the forthcoming boxed set on the flipside.

Hot Rats was composed, arranged, and produced by Zappa who played guitar on all tracks and delivered extraordinary solos throughout. One of the best-selling albums of his career, the six-song record is made up of five instrumentals, including one of his most beloved works, “Peaches En Regalia.” Frequent Zappa collaborator Don Van Vliet aka Captain Beefheart provides his unmistakable vocals to lone non-instrumental, the skronky blues-rock number, “Willie The Pimp.” Star musicians on these sessions include multi-instrumentalist Ian Underwood, violinists Don “Sugarcane” Harris and Jean Luc Ponty, bassist Max Bennett, drummers Jon Guerin (Max and Jon played together in the famed fusion outfit L.A. Express), Paul Humphrey and Ron Selico, R&B pioneer Johnny Otis and his 15-year-old son, Shuggie Otis who lays down some astounding, ahead of his time bass lines on “Peaches En Regalia” and several other tracks. 

The Hot Rats Sessions offers a riveting and revealing fly-on-the-wall experience by showcasing the genesis and evolution of the Hot Rats songs as well as tracks that would be featured on Zappa’s acclaimed albums, Burnt Weeny Sandwich, Weasels Ripped My Flesh, Studio Tan and Chunga’s Revenge. Hot Rats was the first record to be recorded on a prototype 16-track tape machine and this new technology, along with Zappa’s overdub techniques, further inspired him to create and innovate. The first three and a half discs of the set are dedicated to the basic track recording sessions recorded at T.T.G. Studios in Hollywood, California on July 18, 28, 29 and 30th, and allows listeners the opportunity to experience what it would be like to be in the studio as Zappa perfected these compositions. His intense work ethic is on full display and a newfound respect is gained for the choices he made when creating the final masterwork.

The fifth and sixth discs of the set presents the original Hot Rats album with Zappa’s 1987 digital re-mix along with an assortment of extras such as vintage promotional audio ads for the album, the mono singles of “Peaches En Regalia” and “Little Umbrellas” and rare mixes of more than a dozen tracks. The Hot Rats Sessions is rife with unreleased session material and also includes the first-ever official release of “Bognor Regis,” and several unedited masters of songs like “Peaches En Regalia,” “Twenty Small Cigars,” “Toads Of The Short Forest,” “Lil’ Clanton Shuffle” and “Directly From My Heart To You.”

The Hot Rats Sessions provides an awe-inspiring snapshot of an especially productive time for Zappa, who in the year 1969 alone, outside of his own projects, produced Captain Beefheart’s outsider classic, Trout Mask Replica and the one and only album for The GTO’s, toured and had his second child. With this new, exciting deep dive, fans can explore one of Zappa’s most revered records like never before and experience how it coalesced to become one of the greatest albums of all time.



Piano Music (Section 1)

Piano Music (Section 3)

Peaches En Regalia (Prototype)

Peaches En Regalia (Section 1, In Session)

Peaches En Regalia (Section 1, Master Take)

Peaches Jam – Part 1

Peaches Jam – Part 2

Peaches En Regalia (Section 3, In Session)

Peaches En Regalia (Section 3, Master Take)

Arabesque (In Session)

Arabesque (Master Take)

Dame Margret’s Son To Be A Bride (In Session)


It Must Be A Camel (Part 1, In Session)

It Must Be a Camel (Part 1, Master Take)

It Must Be a Camel (Intercut, In Session)

It Must Be a Camel (Intercut, Master Take)

Natasha (In Session)

Natasha (Master Take)

Bognor Regis (Unedited Master)

Willie The Pimp (In Session)

Willie The Pimp (Unedited Master Take)

Willie The Pimp (Guitar OD 1)

Willie The Pimp (Guitar OD 2)


Transition (Section 1, In Session)

Transition (Section 1, Master Take)

Transition (Section 2, Intercut, In Session)

Transition (Section 2, Intercut, Master Take)

Transition (Section 3, Intercut, In Session)

Transition (Section 3, Intercut, Master Take)

Lil’ Clanton Shuffle (Unedited Master)

Directly From My Heart To You (Unedited Master)

Another Waltz (Unedited Master)


Dame Margret’s Son To Be A Bride (Remake)

Son Of Mr. Green Genes (Take 1)

Son Of Mr. Green Genes (Master Take)

Big Legs (Unedited Master Take)

It Must Be a Camel (Percussion Tracks)

Arabesque (Guitar OD Mix)

Transition (Full Version)

Piano Music (Section 3, OD Version)


Peaches En Regalia (1987 Digital Re-Mix)

Willie The Pimp (1987 Digital Re-Mix)

Son Of Mr. Green Genes (1987 Digital Re-Mix)

Little Umbrellas (1987 Digital Re-Mix)

The Gumbo Variations (1987 Digital Re-Mix)

It Must Be A Camel (1987 Digital Re-Mix)

The Origin Of Hot Rats

Hot Rats Vintage Promotion Ad #1

Peaches En Regalia (1969 Mono Single Master)

Hot Rats Vintage Promotion Ad #2

Little Umbrellas (1969 Mono Single Master)

Lil’ Clanton Shuffle (1972 Whitney Studios Mix)


Little Umbrellas (Cucamonga Version)

Little Umbrellas (1969 Mix Outtake)

It Must Be A Camel (1969 Mix Outtake)

Son Of Mr. Green Genes (1969 Mix Outtake)

More Of The Story Of Willie The Pimp

Willie The Pimp (Vocal Tracks)

Willie The Pimp (1969 Quick Mix)

Dame Margret’s Son To Be A Bride (1969 Quick Mix)

Hot Rats Vintage Promotion Ad #3

Bognor Regis (1970 Record Plant Mix)

Peaches En Regalia (1969 Rhythm Track Mix)

Son Of Mr. Green Genes (1969 Rhythm Track Mix)

Little Umbrellas (1969 Rhythm Track Mix)

Arabesque (Guitar Tracks)

Hot Rats Vintage Promotion Ad #4

Side A
1. Peaches En Regalia
2. Willie The Pimp
3. Son Of Mr. Green Genes
Side B
1. Little Umbrellas
2. The Gumbo Variations
3. It Must Be A Camel

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#deepweb | Tech Q&A: TOR browser is secretive, slow and can be risky – Business – The Ledger

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Q. I read your column on private Web browsing (see tinyurl.com/vd6fwz3). What do you think about using the TOR browser for privacy?

Dave Woehning, Cottonwood, Ariz.

A. The free TOR browser allows you to be more anonymous on the internet than you would be with browsers such as Mozilla Firefox or Google Chrome. But TOR (which stands for The Onion Router) also runs slower than other browsers, and enables some potentially risky activity. Here are some details:

Anonymity: TOR (see tinyurl.com/3k65xdw) conceals your identity better than other browsers by hiding your IP address and routing your browsing through three network relay points called “nodes.” This can cause problems. A website that can’t see your IP address doesn’t know where you are. It may block you or display the wrong language. And TOR isn’t foolproof. There are ways it can be hacked to get your info.

Speed: TOR is inherently slower than other browsers because your requests pass through those three nodes. Those steps raise the time between when you request a website and when it appears on your screen.

Security: The TOR browser allows you to access both the “Surface Web” (the internet most people know) and the “Deep Web,” (the rest of the internet where information is not organized into websites and can’t easily be found.) The Deep Web provides legitimate ways to safeguard private data. But a portion of the Deep Web, called the Dark Web, conceals illegal activities, such as selling drugs, guns, child pornography and stolen credit card numbers. Even computer-security experts are wary of the Deep Web; the average computer user should avoid it.

Q. I bought a Windows 7 Gateway PC in 2014. It’s not on Gateway’s list of PCs that can be upgraded to Windows 10, so can I upgrade to Windows 8.1 instead (assuming I can find a copy)?

Steve Haller, Minneapolis

A. Windows 8 debuted two years before you bought your Windows 7 PC, so you can upgrade to Windows 8.1 (the version now available.) A Google search for “buy Windows 8.1” lists about a dozen offers to sell it. And Windows 8.1 will receive security updates until Jan. 10, 2023.

However, if you like Windows 7, which was designed to be used with a mouse, you may not like Windows 8.1, which was designed to be used with a touch screen, although it can also be used with a mouse. (For a comparison of the two operating systems, see tinyurl.com/ufevaa8).

Q. Is it possible to upgrade my HP Pavilion PC from Windows Vista to Windows 10?

John Mulhern, Coon Rapids, Minn.

A. Any PC running Windows Vista is at least 10 years old and is unlikely to be compatible with the latest version of Windows 10. Even if it is compatible with Windows 10, it may not work with future updates, so I recommend that you buy a new PC. But, if you are willing to pay for a Windows 10 upgrade that may fail, here are directions (see tinyurl.com/ycjsmwn3). In any event, you shouldn’t continue to use Windows Vista, which hasn’t received security updates since April 2017.

Steve Alexander covers technology for the Minneapolis Star Tribune. Readers may write to him at Tech Q&A, 425 Portland Ave. S., Minneapolis, Minn. 55488-0002; email: steve.j.alexander@gmail.com. Please include a full name, city and phone number.

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#deepweb | Lime Scooter Accounts Are Being Sold on the Dark Web

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

On the dark web, there are plenty of people looking for a free ride. Or at least a very cheap one. A vendor on a dark web marketplace is advertising what they say are accounts for the scooter service Lime.

“This account is used free to locate rental scooters (with a random life),” a listing on a dark web market reads, referring to finding scooters that may be available to use. The vendor says they have accounts for both the European Union and the U.S.

“The accounts sold here are functional and verified. They are unique for sale. Once sold, the accounts are automatically deleted from my database,” the advert continues. The listing offers one account for €13.

Lime, like a wealth of other companies entering this space, lets users quickly rent scooters across major cities. Motherboard recently reported how Los Angeles wants scooter companies like Lime, Bird, and Uber’s JUMP to provide real-time location data of the scooters for city planning purposes, although activists have privacy concerns around the sharing of this data.

Armed with one of these accounts, it seems a customer wouldn’t need to pay Lime for using its scooters. The vendor has some conditions over using the accounts.

A section of the dark web listing offering Lime accounts. Image: Motherboard

“Do not change anything on the account (email/password etc),” they write. “Do not share the account (s).”

A Lime spokesperson said in a statement, “While this is not caused by any Lime security vulnerability, this illegal and dangerous behavior is absolutely against Lime policy and will not be tolerated on the Lime platform. We strongly remind our users that sharing account access information with any third party is against our user agreement and can expose them to significant cybersecurity risk.”

Lime added that it will be migrating iPhone users to Apple ID login in the future, and that the company does not allow people to use any password that has already appeared in HaveIBeenPwned’s leaked password list. The HaveIBeenPwned database, maintained by security researcher Troy Hunt, contains email addresses, usernames, and plaintext and hashed passwords from data breaches.

Motherboard previously discovered Uber accounts for sale on the dark web in 2015. Hackers were able to access these by using previously compromised passwords from other services.

Subscribe to our cybersecurity podcast, CYBER.

This article originally appeared on VICE US.

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#deepweb | Epic ocean visualisation is strangely addictive

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans Creative coder Neal Agarwal is on a mission to make the web fun, and his latest project, The Deep Sea, is an interactive visualisation of the ocean that is not only inspirational, but educational and strangely addictive. Once we started, we simply couldn’t stop scrolling. (Here’s […] View full post on AmIHackerProof.com

#deepweb | Man arrested for buying drugs using app, dark web – mumbai news

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans The city’s airport customs officers on Sunday arrested a 28-year-old man from Chembur who had placed an order for drugs through a mobile messaging app and paid for them through the dark web using cryptocurrency. Officers seized the drugs from a courier parcel and booked the man […] View full post on AmIHackerProof.com

#deepweb | Here’s how you can enable native WhatsApp dark mode on latest stable build with root

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans Bringing a consistent form of dark mode is not an easy task, as the existing implementations are very much fragmented. Even the apps from Google don’t have a standard way to toggle the color scheme – some rely on underlying system settings while others sport a […] View full post on AmIHackerProof.com

#deepweb | My sensible son, 17, died after taking painkiller Tramadol on a night out

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

A MUM has revealed her heartache over her teenage son’s death – after taking prescription drugs a friend bought on the dark web.

William Horley, 17, from Herne Bay, Kent, had an accidental overdose on painkiller Tramadol, which he took on a night out in July last year.


William Horley, 17, died after an accidental overdose on Tramadol painkiller Credit: Prime Features Agency

His mum Kim Webster, 48, told how her son was a sensible lad who didn’t normally do drugs – and knew his future career in the army had a zero tolerance policy.

The project manager said: “Will wasn’t a drug addict. This was an awful accident, a teenager out having fun his friends, making a momentary bad decision and paying the ultimate price.

“Such a terrible waste of a promising young life. Tramadol is a prescription drug and as a naive young person, my son would have assumed that made it safe.

“But of course it isn’t. Any drug is dangerous if it’s not prescribed and not taken in the correct dosage.”

The teen was due to join the Army in three months' time


The teen was due to join the Army in three months’ timeCredit: Prime Features Agency

Kim has another son Jack, 22, and twin stepdaughters Hannah and Zoe, 24, through her husband Rob, 53, a builder.

She added: “Will was 6ft 6ins tall, a handsome, sports-mad lad who’d achieved his long term ambition and been accepted into the Royal Artillery.

“He was due to join the army just three months after he passed away. In the meantime, he had a job waiting tables in a restaurant.

“Will was a sensible boy and we had talked about drugs. He always told me ‘Mum, I’m not stupid. I’m going into the army which has a zero tolerance drugs policy’.

“There was one occasion when I caught him smoking a joint and gave him a real rollicking – but what teenager hasn’t done that?

“I had no fears about my son getting involved with drugs, because I believed he’d never put his future in jeopardy.”

Will wasn’t a drug addict. This was an awful accident, a teenager out having fun his friends, making a momentary bad decision and paying the ultimate price

Tracy Webster48

On the day Will died, July 23, he went to the beach in Whitstable with some friends for some beers – after a 12-hour shift working at the seaside town’s Oyster Festival.

Kim said: “I didn’t think anything of it. My last words to him were ‘have a good time and don’t be too late, the key’s under the mat’.

“I went to bed as usual. At 5am the next day, I woke with an uneasy feeling.

“I went into Will’s bedroom and he wasn’t there. That wasn’t typical for him, so I woke my family.

“They thought he’d probably crashed at a friend’s house but I had a nagging feeling something must be wrong.”

Will's mum Tracy says he didn't do drugs because he knew they could jeopardise his future career in the army


Will’s mum Tracy says he didn’t do drugs because he knew they could jeopardise his future career in the armyCredit: Prime Features Agency

Will wasn’t answering his phone, and neither were any of his mates, so his mum set off to look for him in her car.

Kim said: “A couple of hours later, I phoned the restaurant where he worked.

“The manager told me he hadn’t turned up for his shift, but there was a call from a friend who also worked there, reporting them both sick.

Tramadol is a prescription drug and as a naive young person, my son would have assumed that made it safe – but of course it isn’t

Katie Webster48

“I asked the manager to ring that friend and tell Will to contact me. 

“Shortly afterwards, the manager called back and said Will was on his way to hospital.

“Hearing that, I thought perhaps he’d drunk too much. I had no inkling it might be anything to do with drugs.”

Will pictured with mum Tracy,  stepsisters Hannah and Zoe, now 24, brother Jack, 22, and dad Rob


Will pictured with mum Tracy, stepsisters Hannah and Zoe, now 24, brother Jack, 22, and dad RobCredit: Prime Features Agency

But by the time Kim arrived at Margate’s Queen Elizabeth the Queen Mother Hospital, she was told Will had already died.

The heartbroken mum was left to identify her son’s body.

An autopsy revealed that Will was killed by an overdose of the prescription drug Tramadol, which one of his friends is thought to have bought on the dark web.

I tell teenagers how, as a mother, I had to identify my son’s body, break the news he was dead, and decide whether his body should be buried or cremated

Tracy Webster48

Kim said: “Will died because he did something that was out of character for him, when he took a prescription drug to get high.

“It was a naive teenager’s one-off lapse of judgement, but it cost my boy his life.”

Will would have turned 18 that November. In January, an inquest recorded a verdict of Tramadol overdose with pneumonia.

During the hearing, Will’s friend said he had known him to occasionally smoke weed, but this was the first time he was known to have taken Tramadol.

Tracy now speaks to teenagers about the dangers of prescription drug abuse


Tracy now speaks to teenagers about the dangers of prescription drug abuse

A Kent Police investigation into where the drug came from is ongoing.

One person has been arrested but nobody has been charged with any offence.

In February 2019, Kim asked Will’s school if she could speak to other pupils about the dangers of taking prescription drugs.

Tramadol: the facts

Tramadol is a strong painkiller used to treat moderate to severe pain – i.e. after an operation or serious injury.

It’s only legally available on prescription, to those aged 12 or older.

Like other opiod drugs, overdosing on Tramadol can kill and the drug can be addictive.

In June 2014, Tramadol was upgraded to a Class C substance and placed in Schedule III to the Misuse of Drugs Regulations – in a bid to reduce prescriptions.

It’s estimated one in six teens have taken prescription meds to get high.

Statistics show the vast majority of teenagers who abuse prescription medications obtain them from home and family members.

Addiction Helper advises parents to talk to kids about the dangers of prescription drug abuse, and keep pills in a locked cabinet.

Kim said: “I felt the need to warn other young people, that this could happen to any one of them.

“These drugs are so easy for teenagers to obtain. They don’t have to go out and locate a drug dealer.

“They can find substances to abuse in the family medicine cabinet.

“Or they can order them over the internet from the privacy of their bedroom, then the postman will bring them right to their front door.”

Will was a promising young lad with his whole life ahead of him


Will was a promising young lad with his whole life ahead of himCredit: Prime Features Agency

Kim now gives regular talks about the dangers of prescription drugs in schools and colleges across the country.

She said: “Young people think drugs like Tramadol and Xanax are safe because doctors can prescribe them. There are even adverts for prescription drugs popping up on Snapchat, so the temptation’s constant.

“But drugs on the dark web are often mixed with other chemicals, so nobody can be entirely sure what they’re taking.

“I urge young people to think about their family and what would happen to the people they love, if things go wrong.

“I tell them how, as a mother, I had to identify my son’s body, break the news he was dead to his brother, father and grandparents, and decide whether his body should be buried or cremated.

“No mum should ever have to do those things for their child. What I have to tell these teenagers is the truth and it’s very powerful.”

His family have set up a boxing charity in his memory


His family have set up a boxing charity in his memory

Kim now works with Kent-based rehabilitation unit Kenward Trust – www.kenwardtrust.org – to raise awareness of the dangers of buying prescription drugs.

She said: “It isn’t easy for me to go out and tell a roomful of strangers about how I lost my son.

“I’m still grieving for him – sometimes it feels as if my heart is being squeezed in my chest, to the point that I can’t catch my breath.

“But I need to get his message out there. Will had his life before him and was about to start living the dreams he’d held since a little boy.

“He didn’t want this to happen to him and wouldn’t want it to happen to others.”

The family have also launched a charity, the Will Horley Foundation, to fund boxing for children in need.

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#deepweb | 3 Stocks to Build Your Portfolio Around

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans With so many stocks to choose from, building a winning portfolio can be an overwhelming task. The best way forward is to anchor your portfolio around companies that are well-established, not going anywhere, and have a record of generating returns for shareholders. Three stocks that meet […] View full post on AmIHackerProof.com

#deepweb | 4th Global Report on Adult Learning and Education: Leave No One Behind: Participation, Equity and Inclusion – World

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

UNESCO report shows fewer than 5% of people in many countries benefit from adult learning opportunities

Paris, 04 December—In almost one-third of countries, fewer than five per cent of adults aged 15 and above participate in education and learning programmes, according to UNESCO’s fourth Global Report on Adult Learning and Education (GRALE 4). Adults with disabilities, older adults, refugees and migrants, minority groups and other disadvantaged segments of society are particularly under-represented in adult education programmes and find themselves deprived of crucial access to lifelong learning opportunities.

Published by the UNESCO Institute for Lifelong Learning, the report monitors the extent to which UNESCO Member States put their international commitments regarding adult learning and education into practice and reflects data submitted by 159 countries. It calls for a major change in the approach to adult learning and education (ALE) backed by adequate investment to ensure that everyone has the opportunity to access and benefit from adult learning and education and that its full contribution to the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development is realized.

“We urge governments and the international community to join our efforts and take action to ensure that no one – no matter who they are, where they live or what challenges they face – is left behind where the universal right to education is concerned,” says UNESCO Director-General Audrey Azoulay, endorsing the report’s recommendations. “By ensuring that donor countries respect their aid obligations to developing countries, we can make adult learning and education a key lever in empowering and enabling adults, as learners, workers, parents, and active citizens.”

The publication stresses the need to increase national investment in ALE, reduce participation costs, raise awareness of benefits, and improve data collection and monitoring, particularly for disadvantaged groups.

Progress in participation in adult learning and education is insufficient

Despite low participation overall, many more than half of responding countries (57% of 152) reported an increase in the overall participation rate in adult learning and education between 2015 and 2018. Low-income countries reported the largest increase in ALE participation (73%), trailed by lower middle income and upper middle income countries (61% and 62%).

Most increases in adult learning and education participation were in sub-Saharan Africa (72% of respondents), followed by the Arab region (67%), Latin America and the Caribbean (60%) and Asia and the Pacific (49%). North America and Western Europe reported fewest increases (38%) though starting from higher levels.

The data shows persistent and deep inequalities in participation and that key target groups such as adults with disabilities, older adults, minority groups as well as adults living in conflict-affected countries are not being reached.

Women’s participation must improve further

While the global report shows that women’s participation in ALE has increased in 59 per cent of the reporting countries since 2015, in some parts of the world, girls and women still do not have sufficient access to education, notably to vocational training, leaving them with few skills and poor chances of finding employment and contributing to the societies they live in, which also represents an economic loss for their countries.

Quality is improving but not fast enough

Quality ALE can also provide invaluable support to sustainable development and GRALE 4 shows that three-quarters of countries reported progress in the quality of education since 2015. Qualitative progress is observed in curricula, assessment, teaching methods and employment conditions of adult educators. However, progress in citizenship education, which is essential in promoting and protecting freedom, equality, democracy, human rights, tolerance and solidarity, remained negligible. No more than 3% of countries reported qualitative progress in this area.

Increase in funding for adult learning and education needed

GRALE 4 shows that over the last ten years, spending on adult learning and education has not reached sufficient levels, not only in low-income countries but also in lower middle income and high-income countries. Nearly 20% of Member States reported spending less than 0.5 per cent of their education budgets on ALE and a further 14% reported spending less than 1 per cent. This information demonstrates that many countries have failed to implement the intended increase in ALE financing proposed in GRALE 3 and that ALE remains underfunded. Moreover, under-investment hits socially disadvantaged adults the hardest. Lack of funding also hampers the implementation of new policies and efficient governance practices.

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#deepweb | Cars submerged, thousands evacuated in Bandung flood – Indonesia

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Arya Dipa
The Jakarta Post

Bandung / Sat, December 7, 2019 / 01:50 pm

Heavy rains in Greater Bandung since Friday afternoon have caused the Cisangkuy River, part of West Java’s longest river, the Citarum, to overflow, inundating with floodwater 11 of the 13 community units (RWs) in Kamasan village in Banjaran district, Bandung regency, at night.

Bandung Search and Rescue Agency head Deden Ridwansyah said the agency deployed teams and arrived at the location at around 11 p.m. to help with evacuation efforts alongside local officials.

“The average water depth is around 1 meter but it’s already decreasing to less than 30 centimeters,” he said, adding that, in some areas, the floodwater was 2 meters deep.

Photos and videos show cars almost entirely submerged, with only their roofs visible.

RW 07 saw the worst flooding, while Kamasan, Bugel, Perum Jati and Cipeundeuy villages were also affected.

“Around 4,000 people were evacuated to village office halls,” said Deden, adding that a total of 2,400 families were affected by the flood.

The agency concluded its evacuation operation at 3:30 a.m. on Saturday and was assessing the damage, he said.

Access to the main roads connecting Kertasari district to the northern part of Ciparay district and southern part of Pengalengan district was cut off as a result of the flood.

Floodwater also inundated Jl. Raya Kertasari, Kertasari district’s main road.

Kertasari district chief Dadang Hermawan said water and mud frequently flowed through Jl. Pasir Munding, located in the same district, during the rainy season.

He said the area was prone to flooding because locals farmed on steep terrain without first implementing land terracing techniques. (mpr)

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