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#nationalcybersecuritymonth | What’s been done to fight cybercrime in East Africa

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

East Africa attracts millions of tourists every year. Over the past 10 years, its earnings from tourism have doubled. Compared to the rest of Africa, the region is experiencing healthy economic growth. This makes it a promising investment destination.

Factors like regional tourism, movement of workers and technology development have catalysed East African integration and cross-border banking.

Many cross-border banks originate from Kenya with branches across the region. One example is Kenya’s Equity Bank, which relies heavily on digital technology. The digital space has many positive attributes but the threat of cybercrime and insecurity is prevalent.

Uganda lost 42 million shillings to cybercrime in 2017. In 2018, Rwanda lost 6 billion francs. In Kenya, between April and June 2019 alone, the country experienced 26.6 million cyber threats.

Across the region, with the increase of digital banking, financial institutions have become targets. These institutions are attractive to cyber criminals because they hold the biggest cash reserves. Africa’s digital infrastructure is ill-equipped to manage the continent’s growing cyber-security risk.

Equity is a pioneer in online and mobile banking with technology that merges banking and telephony. However, it recently suffered a cyber-attack. Last month, Rwandan authorities arrested a cybercrime syndicate comprising eight Kenyans, three Rwandans and a Ugandan. The syndicate had attempted to hack into the Equity Bank system. The group has been involved in similar attacks in Kenya and Uganda.

Early in the year, Kenya’s director of criminal investigation issued warrants of arrest against 130 suspected hackers and fraudsters for alleged banking fraud.

These incidents show that financial losses to cyber insecurity are a growing threat to East Africa’s economy.

Cybercrime occurs through the use of computers, computer technology or the internet. It often results in identity theft, theft of money, sale of contraband, cyber stalking or disruption of operations.

Within East Africa, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda are taking steps to manage the huge cybercrime risk. But the cyber attack on Equity Bank is proof that these countries need to do more to protect their financial institutions from massive losses going forward.

Regional instruments

The African Union’s Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection is East Africa’s overarching policy guideline on cybercrime. It was adopted by member states in 2014. The Convention is similar to the Council of Europe’s Cyber Crime Convention which established a cyber security on the European continent.

Rwanda signed the Convention earlier this year, but it’s the only East African country to have done so.

The Convention requires member states to share responsibility by instituting cyber security measures that consider the correlation between data protection and cybercrime. These measures will keep data safe from cyber criminals and preempt its misuse by third parties. It also encourages the establishment of national computer emergency response teams.

The Convention advocates closer cooperation between government and business.

The Convention also creates a provision for dual criminality. This means that cybercrime suspects can be tried either in the country where the crime was committed or in their home country. This provision is meant to ensure smooth cooperation and sidestep any conflict of laws.

There is also a provision on mutual legal assistance. This allows for member states to share intelligence and collaborate on investigations.

Even though Uganda and Kenya aren’t yet signatories, they have nevertheless been establishing legal and policy frameworks provided for under the convention. Rwanda is doing so too, and as a signatory is one step ahead.

Rwandan approach

In 2015, Rwanda came up with a national cyber security policy that established a National Computer Security and Response Centre. The centre detects, prevents and responds to cyber security threats. And in 2016, the Regulatory Board of Rwanda Utilities rolled out network security regulations to protect the privacy of subscribers. They also empower the government to regulate and monitor internet operators and service providers.

The country also has a National Cyber Contingency Plan to handle cyber crises.

Further, Rwanda’s telecom network security regulations require service providers to secure their services by protecting their infrastructure. Every service provider must be licensed and must guarantee the confidentiality and integrity of their services. They must also set up incident management teams. These teams work with the government to manage cyber security threats effectively.

Additionally, Rwanda passed an information and communication technology law in 2016. This contains provisions on computer misuse and cybercrime which criminalise unauthorised access to data.

The country has managed to build the foundations of a strong regulatory framework. It has also taken measures to raise awareness around cyber security. In fact, in the attack on Equity Bank, the authorities acted on a tip from members of the public.

Kenyan measures

In 2014, Kenya launched its National Cyber Security Strategy to raise cyber security awareness and equip Kenya’s workforce to address cyber security needs.

In line with this strategy, Kenya amended its information and communications law to criminalise unauthorised access to computer data.

Kenya has also set up a national computer incident response coordination centre to consolidate key cyber infrastructure and create pathways for regional and international partnership.

Generally, Kenya has a robust cyber security policy which includes a legal and regulatory framework. The result has been that impending cyber attacks are discovered before massive damage is done and ongoing attacks are rapidly arrested.

Uganda’s security

Uganda has legislation to protect cyber security. This includes the Computer Misuse Act which ensures the safety and security of electronic transactions and information systems, and the Regulation of Interception of Communications Act to monitor suspicious communications. It also has a national computer emergency response team.

This regulatory framework is similar to those in Kenya and Rwanda. But in addition, Uganda has a National Information and Technology Authority that provides technical support and cyber security training. It also regulates standards and utilisation of information technology in both the public and private sectors. These measures have boosted the countries’ cyber security strategy.

While Uganda has these measures in place, Kenya and Rwanda are two of the top three cyber secure countries in Africa.

Moving ahead

Kenya, Uganda, and Rwanda have taken solid steps to harmonise cybersecurity processes, data protection, and collaborative prosecution and investigation measures.

They have criminalised cybercrime and established frameworks to manage cyber attacks. International cooperation within the region has also enhanced cyber security.

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#cyberfraud | #cybercriminals | Business Mail Compromise: 5 ways to detect this scam and what can be done to prevent it

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans Advertisement Millions of dollars and lots of personal information are being stolen by a growing threat known as the Business Email Compromise (BEC). Business Mail Compromise: 5 ways to detect this scam and what can be done to prevent itMillions of dollars and lots of personal […] View full post on AmIHackerProof.com

Woman, 24, charged with murder, child abuse, leaving accident scene in Strip crash NDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movDozens Of Pedestrians Mowed Down In Vegas Strip Hit-And-Run (CBS Miami/Inform)NDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movWitness: I saw some bodies just flying in the air (CNN)1004411555_strip_folo-dec_5.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_2.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Planet Hollywood hotel-casino that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_6.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_3.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_4.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004398647_strip_crash_1_14_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004398647_strip_crash_12_7_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec23.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS10.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS15A.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS16.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS13.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS18.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS12.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS1720copy.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) stripfatalone.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS03.JPG Metro Capt. Peter Bofelli briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS06.JPG Metro Deputy Chief Brett Zimmerman briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS01.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS07.JPG Police Lt. Dan McGrath briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae imagevideo Related links Car plows into pedestrians near Planet Hollywood, killing one, injuring 37 — VIDEO Arrest report, sheriff provide details of Strip crash that left 1 dead, dozens injured By Kimberly De La Cruz and David Ferrara Las Vegas Review-Journal Lakeisha Holloway’s path to the Strip seems to have passed out of homelessness and back again. And now the woman accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a busy sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others, faces a murder charge. On Tuesday, the Clark County district attorney’s office charged Holloway, 24, with one count each of murder with a deadly weapon; child abuse, neglect, or endangerment; and leaving the scene of an accident. Her first court appearance is scheduled for 8 a.m. today, the office said in a Tuesday morning news release. Not long ago, Holloway had seemed to be turning her life around. CNN reported an Oregon nonprofit organization gave Holloway a role model award in 2012. But on surveillance video taken Sunday,a source close to the investigation said, Holloway is seen driving her Oldsmobile along the Strip, creeping along with the flow of traffic, before suddenly accelerating and turning right onto the sidewalk in front of Planet Hollywood Resort. Pedestrians headed south scattered, but many of those walking north never saw Holloway’s car, as they were struck from behind. Holloway drove through the crosswalk in front of Paris Las Vegas and careened into a light pole. Jessica Valenzuela was trapped under the Oldsmobile for at least 200 yards as pedestrians ran alongside, banging on the car and trying to get Holloway to stop, the source said. Valenzuela, 32, of Buckeye, Ariz., died at University Medical Center. The Clark County coroner’s office did not determine the cause and manner of her death Tuesday. A crowdfunding campaign set up for Valenzuela described her as a wife and mother of three and had already raised more than $33,800 as of 4 p.m. Tuesday. Thirty-five people were injured in the crash, three of whom had critical head injuries, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo said. Most of the injured were taken to Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center and UMC. Some of them were college athletes who had come to compete in the Wartburg Desert Duals wrestling tournament held annually in Las Vegas. Two of the teams, Pacific University of Oregon, and Delaware Valley University, pulled out of the competition Monday as four Pacific team members were injured and five Delaware Valley athletes were reported injured. Holloway told police that she remembered a body bouncing off her windshield, breaking it. She told police she was not on drugs or alcohol, according to the arrest report. Blood samples were taken from Holloway, and although she did not demonstrate signs of being under the influence of alcohol when she was arrested, she may have been on stimulants, the report said. Authorities are expecting results of Holloway’s drug test to be returned soon. Holloway’s lawyer, Deputy Public Defender Scott Coffee, said that her status at the jail “speaks to her mental state.” Of the allegations, he said “everybody realizes this is a tragic event,” but declined to comment further. As of Tuesday evening, two people remained in critical condition and three others were listed as serious, UMC spokeswoman Danita Cohen said. Metro officer Michael Rodriguez said Holloway is in medically restricted custody at the Clark County Detention Center, which could mean she is injured, needs medical attention or is suicidal. There is no designated “suicide watch,” Rodriguez said, and if someone in custody showed signs of being suicidal, “we would not disclose that.” Holloway was taken into custody Sunday without incident at the Tuscany, where Lombardo on Monday said she left her daughter in the car and told a valet to call the police because she had hit several people on the Strip. The 3-year-old child, who wasn’t hurt in the crash, was taken from the Tuscany, on the corner of Flamingo Road and Koval Lane, and into state custody at Child Haven, Lombardo said. “Generally speaking, when a child comes into our custody, we make contact with the parent, if available, to determine if there are relatives or ‘fictive kin’ (people who have a relationship with the child) who may be appropriate for the child’s placement,” Clark County spokesman Erik Pappa wrote in an email Tuesday. When asked whether the girl remained in state custody Tuesday, Pappa said he “can’t confirm much of anything.” It is unclear whether she has been placed with family, but Lombardo said officials were working to find her father. Las Vegas police are framing the incident as intentional. Lombardo said police do not know Holloway’s motive. Holloway’s fortunes seemed brighter not long ago, according to CNN. The nonprofit Portland Opportunities Industrial Center gave Holloway its C.A.R.E. Role Model Award in 2012. The center helps at-risk youth with education and career training. In a center video for that year, Holloway said she’d been homeless in high school, put out of the house during her high school freshman year by her mother. Holloway said her grades and attendance suffered, and by the end of that school year, her GPA was 1.41. But she turned things around. “I beat the odds and was the first of my family and my circle to graduate high school,” she said, adding that she graduated with a 3.4 GPA and $17,000 in scholarship money. Holloway said she was also the first in her family to go to college. Later, she landed a job at the U.S. Forest Service. “Boy, did I come a long ways,” Holloway said on the video. “I was a scared little girl who knew that there was more to life outside of crime, drug addiction, lower income, alcoholism, being undereducated — all of which I grew up being familiar with.” Las Vegas police don’t think Sunday’s crash was an act of terrorism, but Lombardo said they can’t rule it out fully until they know more about Holloway. A national background check turned up no prior arrests for her. Investigators determined that Holloway has been in Las Vegas for about a week, living in her car with her daughter. Holloway told police that security guards ran her off everywhere she stopped to get some sleep in her car. She ended up on the Strip, “a place she did not want to be,” and wouldn’t explain why she drove onto the sidewalk, according to the arrest record. In the release announcing the charges, Clark County District Attorney Steve Wolfson expressed sympathy for the victims and their families. “This is a horrendous and inexcusable act that has needlessly and tragically impacted countless lives,” he wrote. “I am confident that, as the investigation unfolds, we will be filing many more charges against Ms. Holloway.” — Contact Kimberly De La Cruz at kdelacruz@reviewjournal.com or 702-383-0381. Find her on Twitter: @KimberlyinLV. Contact reporter David Ferrara at dferrara@reviewjournal.com or 702-380-1039. Find him on Twitter @RandomPoker. Las Vegas Review-Journal writers Ricardo Torres and Matthew Crowley contributed to this report. 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Lakeisha Holloway’s path to the Strip seems to have passed out of homelessness and back again. And now the woman accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a busy sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others, faces a murder charge.

On Tuesday, the Clark County district attorney’s office charged Holloway, 24, with one count each of murder with a deadly weapon; child abuse, neglect, or endangerment; and leaving the scene of an accident.

Her first court appearance is scheduled for 8 a.m. today, the office said in a Tuesday morning news release.

Not long ago, Holloway had seemed to be turning her life around.

Read More

The post Woman, 24, charged with murder, child abuse, leaving accident scene in Strip crash NDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movDozens Of Pedestrians Mowed Down In Vegas Strip Hit-And-Run (CBS Miami/Inform)NDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movWitness: I saw some bodies just flying in the air (CNN)1004411555_strip_folo-dec_5.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_2.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Planet Hollywood hotel-casino that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_6.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_3.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_4.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004398647_strip_crash_1_14_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004398647_strip_crash_12_7_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec23.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS10.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS15A.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS16.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS13.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS18.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS12.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS1720copy.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) stripfatalone.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS03.JPG Metro Capt. Peter Bofelli briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS06.JPG Metro Deputy Chief Brett Zimmerman briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS01.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS07.JPG Police Lt. Dan McGrath briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae imagevideo Related links Car plows into pedestrians near Planet Hollywood, killing one, injuring 37 — VIDEO Arrest report, sheriff provide details of Strip crash that left 1 dead, dozens injured By Kimberly De La Cruz and David Ferrara Las Vegas Review-Journal Lakeisha Holloway’s path to the Strip seems to have passed out of homelessness and back again. And now the woman accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a busy sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others, faces a murder charge. On Tuesday, the Clark County district attorney’s office charged Holloway, 24, with one count each of murder with a deadly weapon; child abuse, neglect, or endangerment; and leaving the scene of an accident. Her first court appearance is scheduled for 8 a.m. today, the office said in a Tuesday morning news release. Not long ago, Holloway had seemed to be turning her life around. CNN reported an Oregon nonprofit organization gave Holloway a role model award in 2012. But on surveillance video taken Sunday,a source close to the investigation said, Holloway is seen driving her Oldsmobile along the Strip, creeping along with the flow of traffic, before suddenly accelerating and turning right onto the sidewalk in front of Planet Hollywood Resort. Pedestrians headed south scattered, but many of those walking north never saw Holloway’s car, as they were struck from behind. Holloway drove through the crosswalk in front of Paris Las Vegas and careened into a light pole. Jessica Valenzuela was trapped under the Oldsmobile for at least 200 yards as pedestrians ran alongside, banging on the car and trying to get Holloway to stop, the source said. Valenzuela, 32, of Buckeye, Ariz., died at University Medical Center. The Clark County coroner’s office did not determine the cause and manner of her death Tuesday. A crowdfunding campaign set up for Valenzuela described her as a wife and mother of three and had already raised more than $33,800 as of 4 p.m. Tuesday. Thirty-five people were injured in the crash, three of whom had critical head injuries, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo said. Most of the injured were taken to Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center and UMC. Some of them were college athletes who had come to compete in the Wartburg Desert Duals wrestling tournament held annually in Las Vegas. Two of the teams, Pacific University of Oregon, and Delaware Valley University, pulled out of the competition Monday as four Pacific team members were injured and five Delaware Valley athletes were reported injured. Holloway told police that she remembered a body bouncing off her windshield, breaking it. She told police she was not on drugs or alcohol, according to the arrest report. Blood samples were taken from Holloway, and although she did not demonstrate signs of being under the influence of alcohol when she was arrested, she may have been on stimulants, the report said. Authorities are expecting results of Holloway’s drug test to be returned soon. Holloway’s lawyer, Deputy Public Defender Scott Coffee, said that her status at the jail “speaks to her mental state.” Of the allegations, he said “everybody realizes this is a tragic event,” but declined to comment further. As of Tuesday evening, two people remained in critical condition and three others were listed as serious, UMC spokeswoman Danita Cohen said. Metro officer Michael Rodriguez said Holloway is in medically restricted custody at the Clark County Detention Center, which could mean she is injured, needs medical attention or is suicidal. There is no designated “suicide watch,” Rodriguez said, and if someone in custody showed signs of being suicidal, “we would not disclose that.” Holloway was taken into custody Sunday without incident at the Tuscany, where Lombardo on Monday said she left her daughter in the car and told a valet to call the police because she had hit several people on the Strip. The 3-year-old child, who wasn’t hurt in the crash, was taken from the Tuscany, on the corner of Flamingo Road and Koval Lane, and into state custody at Child Haven, Lombardo said. “Generally speaking, when a child comes into our custody, we make contact with the parent, if available, to determine if there are relatives or ‘fictive kin’ (people who have a relationship with the child) who may be appropriate for the child’s placement,” Clark County spokesman Erik Pappa wrote in an email Tuesday. When asked whether the girl remained in state custody Tuesday, Pappa said he “can’t confirm much of anything.” It is unclear whether she has been placed with family, but Lombardo said officials were working to find her father. Las Vegas police are framing the incident as intentional. Lombardo said police do not know Holloway’s motive. Holloway’s fortunes seemed brighter not long ago, according to CNN. The nonprofit Portland Opportunities Industrial Center gave Holloway its C.A.R.E. Role Model Award in 2012. The center helps at-risk youth with education and career training. In a center video for that year, Holloway said she’d been homeless in high school, put out of the house during her high school freshman year by her mother. Holloway said her grades and attendance suffered, and by the end of that school year, her GPA was 1.41. But she turned things around. “I beat the odds and was the first of my family and my circle to graduate high school,” she said, adding that she graduated with a 3.4 GPA and $17,000 in scholarship money. Holloway said she was also the first in her family to go to college. Later, she landed a job at the U.S. Forest Service. “Boy, did I come a long ways,” Holloway said on the video. “I was a scared little girl who knew that there was more to life outside of crime, drug addiction, lower income, alcoholism, being undereducated — all of which I grew up being familiar with.” Las Vegas police don’t think Sunday’s crash was an act of terrorism, but Lombardo said they can’t rule it out fully until they know more about Holloway. A national background check turned up no prior arrests for her. Investigators determined that Holloway has been in Las Vegas for about a week, living in her car with her daughter. Holloway told police that security guards ran her off everywhere she stopped to get some sleep in her car. She ended up on the Strip, “a place she did not want to be,” and wouldn’t explain why she drove onto the sidewalk, according to the arrest record. In the release announcing the charges, Clark County District Attorney Steve Wolfson expressed sympathy for the victims and their families. “This is a horrendous and inexcusable act that has needlessly and tragically impacted countless lives,” he wrote. “I am confident that, as the investigation unfolds, we will be filing many more charges against Ms. Holloway.” — Contact Kimberly De La Cruz at kdelacruz@reviewjournal.com or 702-383-0381. Find her on Twitter: @KimberlyinLV. Contact reporter David Ferrara at dferrara@reviewjournal.com or 702-380-1039. Find him on Twitter @RandomPoker. Las Vegas Review-Journal writers Ricardo Torres and Matthew Crowley contributed to this report. Lakeisha Holloway Criminal Complaint Volunteers needed for…Police describe details of… by Taboola Sponsored Links From the Web 25 Adorable Photos That Will Melt Your Heart TheCelebrityLane Jackpot Games with Highest Chances to Win [Guide] Thedailyxpressen | PlayMillion New Investing Strategy To Wipe Out Inflation? Ultimate4Trading Toshiba’s 4K convertible is desirable but can you afford one? Tech Advisor Low Disposable Income? See How You Compare Money Advice Service 1970s Ads You Wont Believe Things Life Comment section guidelines The below comment section contains thoughts and opinions from users that in no way represent the views of the Las Vegas Review-Journal or GateHouse Media. This public platform is intended to provide a forum for users of reviewjournal.com to share ideas, express thoughtful opinions and carry the conversation beyond the article. Users must follow the guidelines under our Commenting Policy and are encouraged to use the moderation tools to help maintain civility and keep discussions on topic. by Taboola Sponsored Links From the Web 25 Adorable Photos That Will Melt Your Heart TheCelebrityLane Jackpot Games with Highest Chances to Win [Guide] Thedailyxpressen | PlayMillion New Investing Strategy To Wipe Out Inflation? Ultimate4Trading LIVE CHAT NOW SUBMIT A NEWS TIP Most Popular Top Commented ‘Distraught’ Holloway appears in court to face charges in Strip crash A message from the new owners about the future of the Las Vegas Review-Journal Judge in Adelson lawsuit subject to unusual scrutiny amid Review-Journal sale SolarCity stopping Nevada sales, installations after PUC ruling Dire warnings issued for rooftop-solar industry after new rates OK’d Columnists Features Patrick Everson Stocking stuffers on the day before Christmas Jane Ann Morrison Don’t be scammed; give wisely Politics Trump mentioned most at last week’s debate in Las Vegas Road Warrior Countdown clocks have issues, but dancing signal may be helping More Columnists , Integral Ad Science (AdSafe Media) – Ad Swapping|Impression| CALENDAR THU 24 FRI 25 SAT 26 SUN 27 MON 28 TUE 29 WED 30 A All Week MADAME TUSSAUDS LAS VEGAS Venetian Thursday, Dec 24, 10:00 am-9:00 pm JAN ROUVEN: ‘THE NEW ILLUSIONS’ Tropicana Thursday, Dec 24, 6:00 pm BRAD GARRETT’S COMEDY CLUB MGM Grand Thursday, Dec 24, 8:00 pm MICHAEL JACKSON ONE Mandalay Bay Friday, Dec 25, 7:00 pm Search for… Search Doctors Find New Facelift in a Bottle to Remove 20 Years of Aging Demi Cheated on for Looking Too Old – See Her Revenge Makeover Brain Booster Too Effective, Should It Be Banned? Barbara Walters: I am Done With the View and Never Felt Better Barbara Walters Refuses to Return to the View, Due to This Secret Research Reveals the Four Stages Before a Heart Attack Stephen Hawking Says This Smart Pill Is Proven to Double IQ Demi Gets Makeover Revenge on Ashton – See It Here What’s This? appeared first on Parent Security Online.

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EU Digital Commish: Ja, we should have done more about NSA spying

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Europe’s outspoken digi Commissioner, Günther H-dot Oettinger has admitted that the European Commission did too little, too late in reaction to Edward Snowden’s NSA spying revelations. Following a landmark ruling by the European Court of Justice (ECJ) striking down the EU-US data sharing Safe Harbor agreement on Tuesday, Oetti told German daily Der Spiegel that “a mandatory government agreement would be the best solution” but that he didn’t believe it was likely to happen. The second-best option is a re-negotiated arrangement, said Oettinger, for once sticking to the Commission official line. He said clarity was urgently needed for “the many medium-sized companies that are now feeling insecure”. Safe Harbor is the workaround agreement between the EU and the US that allows international companies to transfer Europeans’ personal data to the US even though the US does not meet the adequacy standards for EU data protection law. Companies signed up to a voluntary code of conduct that was then enforced by the American Federal Trade Commission (FTC). But on Tuesday, the ECJ ruled that the pact was unsound, since it cannot protect EU personal data from snooping by the US National Security Agency and other American agencies. Oettinger acknowledged that the […]

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Adoption and fostering: ‘The best thing you have ever done’

Every year around 36,000 children in the UK enter the care system. Many of these looked-after children will be looking for a foster family or adoptive parents, but the UK is short an estimated 8,370 foster carers and 5,000 adoptive parents to meet the current demand.

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Why Firmware Is So Vulnerable to Hacking, and What Can Be Done About It

firmware

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

When Kaspersky Lab revealed last week that it had uncovered a sophisticated piece of malware designed to plant malicious code inside the firmware of computers, it should have surprised no one. And that’s not just because documents leaked by Edward Snowden have shown that spy agencies like the NSA have an intense interest in hacking the firmware of systems, but also because other researchers have shown in the past how insecure firmware—in nearly all systems—is. Computers contain a lot of firmware, all of which is potentially vulnerable to hacking—everything from USB keyboards and web cams to graphics and sound cards. Even computer batteries have firmware. “There’s firmware everywhere in your computer, and all of it is risky,” says security researcher Karsten Nohl, who demonstrated last year how he could embed malicious code in the firmware of USB sticks. There’s also firmware in all of our popular digital gadgets—smartphones and smart TVs, digital cameras, and music players. Most of it is vulnerable for the same reasons the firmware the Equation Group targeted is vulnerable: it was never designed to be secure. Most hardware makers don’t cryptographically sign the firmware embedded in their systems nor include authentication features in their devices that […]

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