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Singapore #passes new #Cybersecurity Bill: Here’s what you #need to #know before it comes into #force

Source: National Cyber Security News

The Singapore Parliament passed the much discussed Cybersecurity Bill (the Bill) on 5 February 2018 and it is anticipated that the new law will come into force soon.  The new law creates a regulatory framework for the monitoring and reporting of cybersecurity threats to essential services in Singapore through the appointment of the Commissioner of Cybersecurity.  It also creates a licensing regime that will require certain data security service providers in Singapore to be registered.

We set out below four key points that you should know about this new Bill.

1. Creation of a cybersecurity regulator

The Bill provides for the appointment of a Cybersecurity Commissioner (the “Commissioner”) as a regulator for the sector.

The Bill confers on the Commissioner significant powers to respond to, and prevent, cybersecurity incidents affecting Singapore. These powers include the powers of investigation such as the power to examine persons, require the production of evidence and to seize evidence. In addition, where satisfied that a cybersecurity threat meets a certain specified severity threshold, the Commissioner may require a person to carry out remedial measures or to cease certain activities.  These powers apply to all computer or computer systems in Singapore and are not limited to only Critical Information Infrastructure (CII) which is described in further detail below.

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Hacker #tricks official #Vatican News site into #declaring #God an #onion

Source: National Cyber Security News

A Belgian security researcher has discovered a vulnerability on the website of Vatican News — the official news publication of the Holy See — that could allow anyone to publish their own fake news.

The vulnerability was discovered by independent researcher Inti De Ceukelaire. Proving his work, he tweeted a picture of Vatican News falsely stating that Pope Francis had declared God to be an onion.

De Ceukelaire (who we’ve previously profiled) has been behind some high profile discoveries. In September, he disclosed ways to access corporate messaging apps like Slack and Yammer by exploiting publicly-accessible help-desks and bug trackers.

Last February, De Ceukelaire earned notoriety after he redirected several links in Donald Trump’s old tweets to content that would otherwise be embarrassing for the now-occupant of 1600 Pennsylvania Avenue. He did this by identifying websites Trump had tweeted out whose domain names had been allowed to expire. He then re-registered them under his own name.

Keeping with the Trump theme, he used publicly accessible online information to find the contact details of Melania Trump. He used this to invite FLOTUS to his home town.

In the case of Vatican News, De Ceukelaire encountered an unpatched cross site scripting (XSS) vulnerability, and exploited it to inject the blatantly fake news.

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Connected #IO breaks into #cyber security #market

Source: National Cyber Security News

A SX-listed Internet of things company Connected IO has entered into a letter of intent with a US cyber security company to collaborate on a line of customised wireless routers, with the two companies currently finalising the proposed deal, worth $6.9 million over three years.

In a market update this week, Connected IO said it had signed the letter of intent with the US based cyber security company, whose name remains confidential, that would see it supply customised Category 1 wireless routers for the next three years.


According to Connected IO management, the two companies are now moving to execute a binding contract that would see the cyber security company purchase a minimum $625,000 worth of the cutting-edge routers per year with the more likely outcome being nearly $7m worth of purchases over the 3 year term of the deal.

With the letter of intent secured, the cyber security company now has a week to evaluate the customised units supplied by Connected IO. If they perform well, the two companies will then strike a binding deal, company management said.

Connected IO Chief Executive Yakov Temov said: “The Letter of Intent is a great step forward for CIO particularly as it is with a long standing customer and one we have dealt with since 2016.

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Cyber security #lessons we can we #take into #2018

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

If 2017 is remembered for anything in the cyber sphere, it is remembered as the year of malware. 
There have been quite a few high-profile breaches and ransomware campaigns such as WannaCry and NotPetya. The question is, what can we learn from last year to improve things for this year?

One thing is clear: ransomware is evolving and is being deployed with more regularity. While targets, attack groups and tactics may change, there is growing concern that ransomware could easily be combined with nation-state developed exploits to spread through networks at an alarming rate. An example of this would be the Bad Rabbit attacks which were specifically designed to infect a large number of networks, using watering hole attacks.

“What we are learning from these attacks is that it is vital to patch any known vulnerabilities the moment a fix is available. At the same time, it’s important that we understand how security can be undermined and to research the exploits that are available for popular software,” advises Anvee Alderton, channel manager at Trend Micro Southern Africa.

Business Email Compromise (BEC) is also one of the major threats that many organisations may encounter. The FBI reported that between October 2013 and December 2016, $5,3-billion was lost due to BEC. Predictions are that this number may increase to $9-billion this year.

“BEC is actually one of the easiest attacks to prevent. BEC relies on social engineering and with better staff education and something as simple as ensuring two finance managers need to sign off on the transfer of large sums can mitigate the damage that such attacks could incur,” Alderton continues.

Last year saw big name firms such as Yahoo, Uber and Equifax come under attack. What this has highlighted is that it’s important to get the basics of cybersecurity right — no matter what size your organisation. The cost financially, as well as to a company’s reputation, can be irreparable.

Another great concern is the advent of the implementation of GDPR across Europe. Worryingly, a lack of interest from senior executives means that more than half shun responsibility for it. This is of particular concern since organisations have to comprehend what data they hold and be able to produce a breach notification plan. This is in addition to implementing top shelf technology to prevent cyber-attack.

“It really doesn’t matter when it comes to the size of the firm or whether the breach occurs through IoT or the cloud, or through social engineering. Vulnerabilities are the biggest threat all companies face. If there’s a hole in your security, someone will find a way through it. Use those patches as soon as they become available and educate staff. There is no better cure for attack than prevention and being prepared,” says Alderton.

New vulnerabilities and attack methods emerge daily — some of which could be devastating for the security of a company’s networks and systems. This is the year for CISOs to become hypervigilant and ensure that they have the right patch available at the right time, as well as the ability to respond to threats swiftly and efficiently.

The post Cyber security #lessons we can we #take into #2018 appeared first on National Cyber Security Ventures.

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How #Antivirus #Software Can Be #Turned #Into a #Tool for #Spying

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

It has been a secret, long known to intelligence agencies but rarely to consumers, that security software can be a powerful spy tool.

Security software runs closest to the bare metal of a computer, with privileged access to nearly every program, application, web browser, email and file. There’s good reason for this: Security products are intended to evaluate everything that touches your machine in search of anything malicious, or even vaguely suspicious.

By downloading security software, consumers also run the risk that an untrustworthy antivirus maker — or hacker or spy with a foothold in its systems — could abuse that deep access to track customers’ every digital movement.

“In the battle against malicious code, antivirus products are a staple,” said Patrick Wardle, chief research officer at Digita Security, a security company. “Ironically, though, these products share many characteristics with the advanced cyberespionage collection implants they seek to detect.”

Mr. Wardle would know. A former hacker at the National Security Agency, Mr. Wardle recently succeeded in subverting antivirus software sold by Kaspersky Lab, turning it into a powerful search tool for classified documents.

Mr. Wardle’s curiosity was piqued by recent news that Russian spies had used Kaspersky antivirus products to siphon classified documents off the home computer of an N.S.A. developer, and may have played a critical role in broader Russian intelligence gathering.

“I wanted to know if this was a feasible attack mechanism,” Mr. Wardle said. “I didn’t want to get into the complex accusations. But from a technical point of view, if an antivirus maker wanted to, was coerced to, or was hacked or somehow subverted, could it create a signature to flag classified documents?”

That question has taken on renewed importance over the last three months in the wake of United States officials’ accusations that Kaspersky’s antivirus software was used for Russian intelligence gathering, an accusation that Kaspersky has rigorously denied.

Last month, Kaspersky Lab sued the Trump administration after a Department of Homeland Security directive banning its software from federal computer networks. Kaspersky claimed in an open letter that “D.H.S. has harmed Kaspersky Lab’s reputation and its commercial operations without any evidence of wrongdoing by the company.”

For years, intelligence agencies suspected that Kaspersky Lab’s security products provided a back door for Russian intelligence. A draft of a top-secret report leaked by Edward J. Snowden, the former National Security Agency contractor, described a top-secret, N.S.A. effort in 2008 that concluded that Kaspersky’s software collected sensitive information off customers’ machines.

The documents showed Kaspersky was not the N.S.A.’s only target. Future targets included nearly two dozen other foreign antivirus makers, including Checkpoint in Israel and Avast in the Czech Republic.

At the N.S.A., analysts were barred from using Kaspersky antivirus software because of the risk it would give the Kremlin broad access to their machines and data. But excluding N.S.A. headquarters at Fort Meade, Kaspersky still managed to secure contracts with nearly two dozen American government agencies over the last few years.

Last September, the Department of Homeland Security ordered all federal agencies to cease using Kaspersky products because of the threat that Kaspersky’s products could “provide access to files.”

A month later, The New York Times reported that the Homeland Security directive was based, in large part, on intelligence shared by Israeli intelligence officials who successfully hacked Kaspersky Lab in 2014. They looked on for months as Russian government hackers scanned computers belonging to Kaspersky customers around the world for top secret American government classified programs.

In at least one case, United States officials claimed Russian intelligence officials were successful in using Kaspersky’s software to pull classified documents off a home computer belonging to Nghia H. Pho, an N.S.A. developer who had installed Kaspersky’s antivirus software on his home computer. Mr. Pho pleaded guilty last year to bringing home classified documents and writings, and has said he brought the files home only in an attempt to expand his résumé.

Kaspersky Lab initially denied any knowledge or involvement with the document theft. But the company has since acknowledged finding N.S.A. hacking software on Mr. Pho’s computer and removing it, though the company said it had immediately destroyed the documents once it realized they were classified.

The company also said in November that in the course of investigating a surveillance operation known as TeamSpy in 2015, it had tweaked its antivirus program to scan files containing the word “secret.” The company said it had done this because the TeamSpy attackers were known to automatically scan for files that included the words “secret,” “pass” and “saidumlo,” the Georgian translation for the word secret.

Kaspersky continues to deny that it knew about the scanning for classified United States programs or allowed its antivirus products to be used by Russian intelligence. Eugene Kaspersky, the company’s chief executive, has said he would allow the United States government to inspect his company’s source code to allay distrust of its antivirus and cybersecurity products.

But Mr. Wardle discovered, in reverse-engineering Kaspersky antivirus software, that a simple review of its source code would do nothing to prove its products had not been used as a Russian intelligence-gathering tool. (Watch how he reverse-engineered the software.)

Mr. Wardle found that Kaspersky’s antivirus software is incredibly complex. Unlike traditional antivirus software, which uses digital “signatures” to look for malicious code and patterns of activity, Kaspersky’s signatures are easily updated, can be automatically pushed out to certain clients, and contain code that can be tweaked to do things like automatically scanning for and siphoning off classified documents.

In short, Mr. Wardle found, “antivirus could be the ultimate cyberespionage spying tool.”

Mr. Wardle said it was relatively easy to use a vulnerability in Microsoft’s Windows software to manipulate the Kaspersky software. Because officials routinely classify top secret documents with the marking “TS/SCI,” which stands for “Top Secret/Sensitive Compartmented Information,” Mr. Wardle added a rule to Kaspersky’s antivirus program to flag any documents that contained the “TS/SCI” marker.

He then edited a document on his computer containing text from the Winnie the Pooh children’s book series to include the marking “TS/SCI” and waited to see whether Kaspersky’s tweaked antivirus product would catch it.

Sure enough, as soon as the Winnie the Pooh text was saved to his machine, Kaspersky’s antivirus software flagged and quarantined the document. When he added the same TS/SCI marker to another document containing the text “The quick brown fox jumps over the lazy dog,” it, too, was flagged and quarantined by Kaspersky’s tweaked antivirus program.

“Not a whole lot of surprise that this worked,” Mr. Wardle said, “but still neat to confirm that an antivirus product can be trivially, yet surreptitiously, used to detect classified documents.”

The next question was: What happens to these files once they are flagged? Mr. Wardle stopped short of hacking into Kaspersky’s cloud servers, where suspicious files are routinely uploaded.

However, he noted that antivirus customers, including Kaspersky’s, agreed by default to allow security vendors to send anything from their machine back to vendors’ servers for further investigation.

There are legitimate reasons for this: By uploading these items to Kaspersky’s cloud, security analysts can evaluate whether they pose a threat, and update their signatures as a result.

Kaspersky Lab said Mr. Wardle’s research did not reflect how the company’s software works.

“It is impossible for Kaspersky Lab to deliver a specific signature or update to only one user in a secret, targeted way because all signatures are always openly available to all our users; and updates are digitally signed, further making it impossible to fake an update,” the company said in a statement.

The company added that it applied the same security standards and maintained the same levels of access as other security vendors, and reiterated that it was willing to make its source code, threat detection rules and software updates available for audit by independent experts.

But, as Mr. Wardle’s research demonstrated, an untrustworthy vendor, or hacker or spy with access to that vendor’s systems, can abuse its deep access to turn antivirus software into a dynamic search tool, not unlike Google, to scan customers’ computers for documents that contain certain keywords.

“And no one would ever know,” he added. “It’s the perfect cybercrime.”

The post How #Antivirus #Software Can Be #Turned #Into a #Tool for #Spying appeared first on National Cyber Security Ventures.

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Computer #Hackers are #Trying to Get Into Your #Wallet

Computer #Hackers are #Trying to Get Into Your #WalletA warning for when you open that next email, it could be hackers trying to get into your wallet. One Bowling Green woman didn’t want to take any chances when she received an email demanding thousands of dollars from someone she’s never met. WNKY News’ Cecilia Herrell found out what you can do to avoid […] View full post on | Can You Be Hacked?

1M+ #people get #tricked into #downloading #fake #WhatsApp #messaging #app

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

More than a million people are believed to have downloaded a malicious, fake version of Facebook Inc.’s WhatsApp messaging app from the Google Play store.

First spotted by users on Reddit Friday, the app, dubbed “Update WhatsApp Messenger” was listed as coming from “WhatsApp Inc.,” the official name of the Facebook-owned company. How the fake app was listed with the same name as the official company was explained by Hacker News, which found that those behind that app inserted a Unicode character space after the actual WhatsApp Inc. name that would not be visible to Google Play users.

The malicious app did provide some basic messaging functionality but primarily acted as a way to trick users into clicking third-party ads and downloading malicious software. As one Reddit user explained: “I’ve also installed the app and decompiled it … the app itself has minimal permissions (internet access) but it’s basically an ad-loaded wrapper which has some code to download a second apk, also called ‘whatsapp.apk.’ The app also tries to hide by not having a title and having a blank icon.”

The app has since been removed from Google Play, but the fact it was listed long enough to have more than a million people download it once again raises questions about Google’s efforts to stop fake and malicious apps from getting listed. Seemingly once a month, an outbreak of fake apps is discovered on Google Play, including recent examples such as the discovery of fake cryptocurrency trading apps in October and an outbreak described as massive in September.

The risk of users downloading fake WhatsApp apps also remains. As of Sunday evening, a search in Google Play for WhatsApp (pictured) returns the official app in first position, but a fake app, going by the name of “Freе WhatsApp Messenger Update – Tips” from a developer listed as “WhatsApp Inc./” (including that forward slash at the end), sits in third position. A scroll further down the page also found numerous other examples of what appear to be fake WhatsApp apps.

The post 1M+ #people get #tricked into #downloading #fake #WhatsApp #messaging #app appeared first on National Cyber Security Ventures.

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IS #militants #hack into #Swedish #radio station in #Malmo, take over #broadcast

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

The attack occurred Friday morning in the southern city of Malmo, but went unnoticed until listeners began calling in. Experts say it is unlikely the prepetrators will be caught.

Islamic State militants hacked into a Swedish radio station Friday, taking over its transmission and broadcasting an English language propaganda song aimed at recruiting more militants.

The song entitled, “For the Sake of Allah” played for about 30 minutes on the Mix Megapol station in Malmo. Mix Megapol is an FM and internet-based radio station that is part of a private radio network.

Jakob Gravestam, a Marketing Director for the Bauer Media Group, which operates the Malmo-based station, issued a statement that said “Somebody interfered with our frequency using a pirate transmitter.”

Mix Megapol is one of Sweden’s biggest radio stations, and has about 1.4 million listeners daily. But the pirated transmission was only heard in parts of the southern city of Malmo, Sweden’s third largest metropolis, with a population of about 350,000.

The song features male voices singing, in English, such lyrics as: “For the sake of Allah we will march to gates of the paradise where our maidens await. We are men who love death just as you love your life, we are soldiers who fight in the day and the night.”

Preventing such attacks

The hack occurred during a popular morning show ‘Anders & Gry with Friends’ but the hosts didn’t notice anything was askew until listeners called in and asked what was going on.

“A lot of people have called us about this,” Gravestam told the 24Malmo website. “We are very happy that people are vigilant and we treat this very seriously.”

Gravestam said the attack highlights the need for broadcasters to discuss how to “prevent” such incidents. He added that Bauer Media will organize such a discussion and invite other broadcasters, as well as the Swedish Post and Telecom Authority (PTS), which monitors the electronic communications and postal sectors, to the meeting.

The post IS #militants #hack into #Swedish #radio station in #Malmo, take over #broadcast appeared first on National Cyber Security Ventures.

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The #shocking #trend of people #breaking into each others’ #social media #accounts

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

The #shocking #trend of people #breaking into each others’ #social media #accounts

Spouses hack each others’ Facebook messages, parents track their offspring’s cellphone movements and lovers crack lovers’ private messages.

To most of us, EFF leader Julius Malema’s recent claim that his e-mail account was attacked by government backed hackers left a bit of a Spy vs Spy taste in the mouth.

Particularly after SA Communist Party bigwig Solly Mapaila made the same claim two days later.

But I don’t think it is so farfetched that politicians’ confidential correspondence can be targeted by cyber attackers. Just ask Hillary Clinton.

The shocking trend, however, is that ordinary citizens are breaking into each others’ social media accounts left, right and centre.

It is those closest to people who break into their personal accounts and spy on their correspondence.

Spouses hack each others’ Facebook messages, parents track their offspring’s cellphone movements and lovers crack lovers’ private messages behind their naked backs.

The worst of all is that you don’t have to be a Russian hacker or cyber geek to breach somebody’s social media. People don’t need coding skills.

If you have the skills to use Twitter, you can hack Twitter. What about WhatsApp’s encoded message technology? Even a rookie hacker can choose from a variety of techniques to break into the messaging service account.

The most popular seems to be software which allows a hacker in after just a few minutes with the target’s phone, such as Copy9 and a host of others.

Or he doesn’t even have to touch your phone – sniffer software allows him to hack your WhatsApp account from a distance if you’re on the same WiFi network. And Facebook? The classical techniques are rather unrefined, because it locks the user out of his or her account, which means the hacking attempt will be noticed.

More stealthily, though, are software or hardware keyloggers, which records every keystroke the user makes on a computer including passwords.

Or the hacker can use software such as FaceGeek or Spyzie or Hyper Cracker. And Twitter? Software such as Twitterhacker is abundant.

Of course it is completely illegal to hack someone’s social media account under the Electronic Communications Act. You can even go to jail for it.

Perhaps our modern world needs more than laws.

The post The #shocking #trend of people #breaking into each others’ #social media #accounts appeared first on National Cyber Security Ventures.

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Hackers break into e-mails of LP senators’ staffers

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Hackers break into e-mails of LP senators’ staffers

Senators belonging to the minority bloc on Thursday exposed hacking incidents that compromised e-mail accounts of some of their staff members, which they said appeared to link the Liberal Party and opposition groups to the Duterte administration’s narrative of a destabilization plot.

At a press briefing, Sen. Bam Aquino revealed that at least five e-mail accounts of his and Sen. Francis Pangilinan’s staff members were compromised and that the hacking incident happened as early as March 21 this year.

All e-mail accounts were accessed through the network in the Senate and the nature of the breach in all instances were the same—that unauthorized users sent e-mails using the staff and party addresses.


Aquino said they only discovered the breach in the e-mail accounts on the third incident on Sept. 26 when his staff found a dubious e-mail in his draft folder with the subject “Leaked Media Plan to Destroy PRRD,” referring to President Duterte.

“He opened his e-mail on that day and found in his draft folder an entry pertaining to a destabilization plot that he did not write,” Aquino told reporters.

This discovery led them to track down two previous hacking incidents involving the e-mail accounts of two of Pangilinan’s staff members, which occurred on March 21 and Sept. 7, he said.

In the first incident, the hacker sent an e-mail to opposition members with the subject “The investigation on DDS,” referring to so-called Davao Death Squad while the second incident involved an e-mail to the Government Service Insurance System asking if the agency had changed its website domain.

The last two recent incidents occurred on Wednesday, both in the offices of Aquino and Pangilinan.

An initial check to hunt those behind the hacking incidents showed that the Internet Protocol (IP) address used was based in the United States and all the rest were in the Philippines.

“It could mean that the hackers are really based in the US or just using a VPN (virtual private network) to cover their tracks,” said the senator.


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