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Women #allegedly #hack #college #computer system to change #grades

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

The Bucks County District Attorney’s office said Aleisha Morosco tried multiple times to change her microbiology grade.

After several failed attempts, she enlisted a friend’s help, orchestrating a security breach at Bucks County Community College.

Authorities said while working at a medical office affiliated with Penn Medicine, Kelly Marryott accessed a faculty member’s personal information and leaked it to her friend, Aleisha Morosco.

Desperate to change her grade, Morosco then used the stolen data to gain unauthorized access to BCCC’s computer system. Officials said while inside the system, Morosco changed not just her grade, but several other student’s grades in her microbiology class.

“The investigators were able to find out the IP address used to access the professor’s account and change the grades,” said Jovin Jose, ADA Bucks County. “That same IP address was used by one of the charged defendants.”

The electronic footprint led investigators to Morosco and to her 37-year-old friend, Marryott.

“They got his personal information, and shouldn’t have obtained the use for that purpose,” said Jose. “We intend to prove at trial that they accessed his information to change grades, which is a crime.”

Bucks County Community College issued this response to Action News:

“BCCC takes the integrity of its data systems very seriously, and all of it the grades altered in the breach were restored to their correct level.”

Students on campus are stunned a classmate would go to these lengths to change a grade.

“It’s crazy. You deserve the grade you get,” said Emily Bombino. “And if you have an issue talk to your professor. Don’t go around changing, stealing his information.”

Both women face felony counts of unlawful computer use and identity theft. A court date is tentatively set for December.

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Researchers #Hack Car Infotainment #System and Find #Sensitive User #Data Inside

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

People who are worried about their security will use a secure phone, lock down their computer, and use strong passwords for their online accounts. But how many people have considered that their car could be leaking their most sensitive data?

A researcher who recently decided to investigate his car’s infotainment system found that it was not designed using modern software security principles, yet it stored a lot of personal information taken from his phone that could be valuable to hackers.

Executing code on the car’s infotainment unit was extremely easy by connecting a USB flash drive with specially crafted scripts. The system automatically picked up those files and executed them with full administrative privileges.

Car enthusiasts have used the same method in the past to customize their infotainment systems and run non-standard applications on them, but Gabriel Cîrlig, a senior software engineer at security firm Ixia, wanted to understand the security implications of this technique.

What he found was a major privacy issue where call histories, contacts, text messages, email messages, and even directory listings from mobile phones that had been synchronized with the car, were being stored persistently on the infotainment unit in plain text.

Mobile operating systems like Android and iOS go to great lengths to protect such data by restricting which applications have access to it or by allowing users to encrypt their devices. All that security could be undone if people pair their devices over Bluetooth with an infotainment system like the one found in Cîrlig’s car.

Cîrlig and an Ixia colleague Ștefan Tănase decided to go even further and investigate how the car’s infotainment unit could be potentially abused by an attacker or even law enforcement to track users and obtain information about them that they couldn’t otherwise get from their mobile devices.

The researchers presented their findings Friday at the DefCamp security conference in Bucharest, but declined to disclose the car make or model because they’re still in the process of reporting the privacy issue they found. However, they mentioned that the car was made by a Japanese manufacturer.

Cîrlig told me that there is a firmware update available that blocks the USB attack vector on his car, but installing it requires going to a dealership. This means that a large number of cars will likely never be patched.

The infotainment system itself is a hacker’s paradise and is more powerful than most embedded devices, including home routers. It has a Cortex-A9 CPU with 1GB of RAM, as well as Wi-Fi and GPS. The operating system is based on Linux and has a fully functional Bash command-line shell with all its usual utilities. On top of that, there are various debugging tools, including for the GPS, that the system’s developers did not bother to remove, according to Cirlig.

It looks like technology that was created in a rush without any concern for security engineering, Cîrlig told me. “A production system, at least for a car, should be completely locked down.”

He thinks that some of the software design choices were driven by convenience, like the storing of unencrypted user sensitive data indefinitely instead of requesting it again from the phone when the device is in proximity.

In addition to data copied from mobile devices, Cîrlig found other sensitive information on the infotainment unit, such as a list of favorite locations the car has been driven to or from, voice profiles, vehicle status information, and GPS coordinates.

For their presentation, Cîrlig and Tanase showed a proof-of-concept malware program—a Bash script—that when executed via USB, continuously looked for open Wi-Fi hotspots, connected to them and could exfiltrate newly collected data. By combining this malware with location data from the GPS, an attacker could also track the car in real time on a map.

To make things worse, the rogue script is installed as a cron job—a scheduled task on Linux—and is persistent. Even if the infotainment system is reset to factory defaults, cron jobs are not removed, the researchers said.

Hackers could take the attack even further and create a USB worm, where a compromised infotainment system could infect all USB dongles plugged into it and potentially spread the infection to other cars, Cîrlig said. Or the car could be used in a wardriving scenario, trying to automatically exploit Wi-Fi networks and other systems it encounters, he said.

The development of infotainment systems is usually outsourced to third-party electronic component suppliers and not made by the automobile manufacturers themselves. Other researchers have shown in the past that there are ways to jump from the infotainment systems to more critical electronic control units (ECUs)—the specialized embedded computers that control a car’s functions.

The auto industry continues to work using outdated programming principles and very old technology stacks that would be unacceptable today in a modern software development environment; and that needs to change, Cîrlig said. “For someone like myself who has a software development background, that style of coding looks ancient, from the age of the dinosaurs.”

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Computer System Administrator

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Job Description

Provide configuring management support, connectivity to networks, performance monitoring, and maintenance on computer systems. Responsible for computer, peripheral, and software purchasing requirements, maintaining computer lists (asset tracking and turn in), troubleshooting and resolving issues, and completing necessary DOD documentation, such as Certificates of Networthiness (CONs) or Risk Management Framework (RMF) and other documentation for multiple instrumentation sections. Operations will include patching and updating of standalone computers, maintain a secure computing environment according to YPG regulations, and work closely with YPG Cyber Security Office to solve problems unique to the YPG test environment. Build and repair CAT5 Ethernet cables. Perform other duties as assigned.
Pay Rate: DOE

Shifts/Hours: Vary by mission requirements.

Minimum Qualifications:

• Must be a US citizen and not hold multiple citizenships.
• Must possess a valid driver’s license, without special restrictions.
• Must possess a high school diploma or equivalent.
• Must possess or be able to obtain a security clearance prior to employment and maintain security clearance for the duration of employment.
• Must be able to work all shifts, weekends, holidays and overtime as needed, sometimes on short notice, to support test missions.
• Must have dependable transportation and a dependable means of communication.
• Must be able speak, write, read, and understand English.
• Must have a well-mannered customer service attitude.
• Must be willing to cross-train in other areas.
• Must use “down-time” effectively to the benefit of test, self, and company.
• Must be punctual, responsible, and dependable.
• Must demonstrate motivation, initiative, and reliability.
• Must be adaptable, flexible, and able to adjust to new or changing instructions.
• Must have a demonstrated ability to follow instructions and company policy.
• Must be able to deliver quality products to the customer and be responsive to their needs.
• Must be safety and security conscious, complying with rules and policies.
• Must be able to work both as part of a team and independently.
• Must have an Associate’s Degree/Military training AND two years of related experience, OR Bachelor’s Degree from an accredited institution AND one year related experience.
• Must possess industry certifications within 6 months to meet DoD Directive 8570.01 training requirements, as required, such as CompTIA Security+ and Microsoft OS certification.
• Experience in computer performance monitoring and troubleshooting
• Individual must demonstrate motivation, timeliness, and initiative.
• Effective interpersonal and organizational skills, along with sound written and verbal communication skills are required. Attention to detail is a must.
• Must be able to work with minimum supervision.
• Must work well with others and demonstrate good customer service attributes.
• Must be proficient in Microsoft Office applications.

Physical Requirements:

• Must pass a pre-employment drug screening and physical and periodic retests.
• Must be able to wear appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) for work tasks assigned.
• Must be capable of working in extreme weather conditions including summer temperatures peaking around 120 degrees Fahrenheit.
• Must meet the physical requirements necessary to perform operations outlined, performed, and stated in the SOPs for the Instrumentation Data section.
• Must be able to climb up and down stairs or elevated platforms without assistance.
• Must be able to work indoors and outdoors in a desert environment.
• Must be able to lift 50 lbs unassisted.

Additional Desirable Qualifications:

• Experience with Windows and Unix/Linux operating systems.
• Experience with DOD’s Risk Management Framework (RMF).
• Experience with Microsoft Client OS Registry.
• Experience with Group Policy Objects.
• Experience with instrumentation.
• DoD Network experience.
• Associate’s or Bachelor’s degree in Computer Science, Computer Information Systems, or technical discipline from an Accreditation Board for Engineering and Technology (ABET) accredited college or university.

Closing Date: Open until filled.
Other Job Information (if applicable)
•TRAX International, Test Services Division, participates in E-Verify.
•TRAX is an Equal Opportunity Employer – Minorities/Females/Veterans/Disability.
•TRAX Test Services promotes a drug/alcohol free work environment through the use of mandatory pre-employment drug testing and on-going random drug testing, as per applicable State Laws.
•Must be able to obtain a security clearance prior to employment and maintain security clearance for the duration of employment.
•TRAX Test Services also encompasses four subcontracts to include: VETS,WESTECH, SPIRAL and MIRATEK. All positions with TRAX can always be transferred to one of the four subcontracts.

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FBI #Charges 22-Year-Old #Student for #Hacking System to Change #Grades

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

FBI #Charges 22-Year-Old #Student for #Hacking System to Change #Grades

A former student at the University of Iowa was arrested on computer-hacking charges for accessing copies of exams in advance, and altering grades for himself and his classmates.

Chemistry major and wrestler Trevor Graves, 22, allegedly plugged keyloggers into university computers in classrooms and labs, allowing him to see whatever his professors typed, including their credentials to the university’s grading system.

In a criminal complaint submitted to an Iowa district court, the FBI claims Graves had access to the school’s grading system, Iowa Courses Online (ICON), for nearly 21 months – between March 2015 and December 2016.

During this time, Graves was able to modify grades more than 90 times on tests, quizzes and homework assignments for himself and at least five other students.

One of Graves’ professors first reported the incident to campus IT security officials after noticing changes in his assignments and quiz scores without her authorization.

An investigation led to a search of his off-campus apartment where authorities seized keyloggers, cellphones and thumb drives that contained copies of the stolen exams.

Grades were allegedly changed for a number of classes, including courses in business, engineering and chemistry.

According to the New York Times, Graves was arrested in Denver last Tuesday and released on bond pending an initial court appearance in Iowa two days later.

The Colorado native is charged with “intentionally accessing a computer without authorization and exceeding authorized access to obtain information, and knowingly transmitting a computer program to cause damage.”

Court documents state the IT expenses associated with the internal investigation, response to the breach and remedial steps to enhance IT security will cost the university roughly $68,000.

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Time for a less #hacker-friendly #Social Security system

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Time for a less #hacker-friendly #Social Security system

Last month’s announcement by Equifax that its consumer-credit database suffered a catastrophic hacking attack meant nearly half of all Americans had their Social Security numbers and vital financial information exposed to theft. The threat of massive-scale identity theft is very real.

Equifax is only the latest of multiple, large-scale data-hacking incidents. It’s time for the federal government to come up with a more secure identification code to protect citizens. That’s not just our assessment; the White House cybersecurity coordinator, Rob Joyce, also has concluded that the Social Security numbering system has “outlived its usefulness.”

Think about your own Social Security number and the hundreds of times you’ve shared it with companies, schools, doctors, government agencies or other institutions that insisted they had a legitimate need for it. Always with the promise to keep it confidential, of course. Older Americans can recall when their Social Security numbers were used on their driver’s license or university IDs. There were those nine digits, for all to see.

Really industrious hackers can find Social Security numbers by accessing old court documents. No one is safe, and it really comes down to whose number hits on the hacking roulette wheel of chance. There has to be a better, more secure way.

“It’s a flawed system,” Joyce told The Washington Post this month. “If you think about it, every time we use the Social Security number you put it at risk. By interacting with it, you’ve given a key piece of information out publicly.”

Joyce wants the government to consider more modern means of providing citizens with a unique identifying code that can be used for transactions but also remain protected from hackers. He calls it a “modern cryptographic identifier.”

The longer the nation delays such an update, the greater the vulnerability we all will face. Right now, anyone who accesses basic information on Facebook or a simple Google search can identify where you grew up. That helps identify where you lived when your Social Security number was issued. That simple information helps reveal the first three digits of your Social Security number because those numbers were assigned geographically.

The last four digits are numbers we all routinely give out when speaking to customer service representatives to straighten out, say, credit card or phone billing questions. So seven of the nine digits already are vulnerable. Programmers have designed a computer algorithm that can accurately guess people’s Social Security numbers 44 percent of the time.

That’s scary. Americans are far too vulnerable. The potential losses from the Equifax breach alone could wind up in the billions of dollars. The cost of modernizing Social Security’s numbering system also wouldn’t be cheap.

Hackers around the world are betting the government will continue delaying and dithering. Sadly, they’re probably right.

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Russian Hackers Tried to Access California Election System

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

California Secretary of State Alex Padilla said he was informed “for the first time” by the DHS on Friday of last year’s attempt, in which Russian hackers “scanned” the website with the intent to “identify weaknesses in a computer or network – akin to a burglar looking for unlocked doors…

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IT System Analyst

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Job Description : This Lockheed Martin Enterprise Business Services (EBS) Multi-Functional Information Systems Analyst supports Rotary Mission Systems (RMS) business located in Orlando Florida. This position will be part of a program team responsible for all aspects of UNIX server administration within the existing IT program environment as it pertains…

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Hackers target Schuyler Co. 911 center, system temporarily disrupted

more information on sonyhack from leading cyber security expertsSource: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans SCHUYLER COUNTY, NY (WENY) — Roughly two weeks ago, Schuyler County officials say hackers were able to gain access to the communications system for the whole county. The mode of access is now being investigated on a state and federal level. “The New York State Cyber […] View full post on | Can You Be Hacked?

Upstate 911 system crippled by hacking

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

In a recent incident that officials say illustrates the vulnerability of local government computer networks, the communications system of an upstate New York police agency was disrupted by a hacking attack. The Schuyler County Sheriff’s Department, headquartered in Watkins Glen, had to get support from surrounding counties after the hacking…

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Security System Technician – Dallas

more information on sonyhack from leading cyber security expertsSource: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans POSITION OVERVIEW: Responsibilities include, but are not limited to: performing startup, installation, closeout and service of jobs; assisting in design and other tasks as assigned while delivering on VTI commitments.  GENERAL ACCOUNTABILITIES: Represent Company in a business-like professional manner in both conduct and appearance, to maximize client […] View full post on | Can You Be Hacked?