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#nationalcybersecuritymonth | What’s been done to fight cybercrime in East Africa

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

East Africa attracts millions of tourists every year. Over the past 10 years, its earnings from tourism have doubled. Compared to the rest of Africa, the region is experiencing healthy economic growth. This makes it a promising investment destination.

Factors like regional tourism, movement of workers and technology development have catalysed East African integration and cross-border banking.

Many cross-border banks originate from Kenya with branches across the region. One example is Kenya’s Equity Bank, which relies heavily on digital technology. The digital space has many positive attributes but the threat of cybercrime and insecurity is prevalent.

Uganda lost 42 million shillings to cybercrime in 2017. In 2018, Rwanda lost 6 billion francs. In Kenya, between April and June 2019 alone, the country experienced 26.6 million cyber threats.

Across the region, with the increase of digital banking, financial institutions have become targets. These institutions are attractive to cyber criminals because they hold the biggest cash reserves. Africa’s digital infrastructure is ill-equipped to manage the continent’s growing cyber-security risk.

Equity is a pioneer in online and mobile banking with technology that merges banking and telephony. However, it recently suffered a cyber-attack. Last month, Rwandan authorities arrested a cybercrime syndicate comprising eight Kenyans, three Rwandans and a Ugandan. The syndicate had attempted to hack into the Equity Bank system. The group has been involved in similar attacks in Kenya and Uganda.

Early in the year, Kenya’s director of criminal investigation issued warrants of arrest against 130 suspected hackers and fraudsters for alleged banking fraud.

These incidents show that financial losses to cyber insecurity are a growing threat to East Africa’s economy.

Cybercrime occurs through the use of computers, computer technology or the internet. It often results in identity theft, theft of money, sale of contraband, cyber stalking or disruption of operations.

Within East Africa, Kenya, Rwanda and Uganda are taking steps to manage the huge cybercrime risk. But the cyber attack on Equity Bank is proof that these countries need to do more to protect their financial institutions from massive losses going forward.

Regional instruments

The African Union’s Convention on Cyber Security and Personal Data Protection is East Africa’s overarching policy guideline on cybercrime. It was adopted by member states in 2014. The Convention is similar to the Council of Europe’s Cyber Crime Convention which established a cyber security on the European continent.

Rwanda signed the Convention earlier this year, but it’s the only East African country to have done so.

The Convention requires member states to share responsibility by instituting cyber security measures that consider the correlation between data protection and cybercrime. These measures will keep data safe from cyber criminals and preempt its misuse by third parties. It also encourages the establishment of national computer emergency response teams.

The Convention advocates closer cooperation between government and business.

The Convention also creates a provision for dual criminality. This means that cybercrime suspects can be tried either in the country where the crime was committed or in their home country. This provision is meant to ensure smooth cooperation and sidestep any conflict of laws.

There is also a provision on mutual legal assistance. This allows for member states to share intelligence and collaborate on investigations.

Even though Uganda and Kenya aren’t yet signatories, they have nevertheless been establishing legal and policy frameworks provided for under the convention. Rwanda is doing so too, and as a signatory is one step ahead.

Rwandan approach

In 2015, Rwanda came up with a national cyber security policy that established a National Computer Security and Response Centre. The centre detects, prevents and responds to cyber security threats. And in 2016, the Regulatory Board of Rwanda Utilities rolled out network security regulations to protect the privacy of subscribers. They also empower the government to regulate and monitor internet operators and service providers.

The country also has a National Cyber Contingency Plan to handle cyber crises.

Further, Rwanda’s telecom network security regulations require service providers to secure their services by protecting their infrastructure. Every service provider must be licensed and must guarantee the confidentiality and integrity of their services. They must also set up incident management teams. These teams work with the government to manage cyber security threats effectively.

Additionally, Rwanda passed an information and communication technology law in 2016. This contains provisions on computer misuse and cybercrime which criminalise unauthorised access to data.

The country has managed to build the foundations of a strong regulatory framework. It has also taken measures to raise awareness around cyber security. In fact, in the attack on Equity Bank, the authorities acted on a tip from members of the public.

Kenyan measures

In 2014, Kenya launched its National Cyber Security Strategy to raise cyber security awareness and equip Kenya’s workforce to address cyber security needs.

In line with this strategy, Kenya amended its information and communications law to criminalise unauthorised access to computer data.

Kenya has also set up a national computer incident response coordination centre to consolidate key cyber infrastructure and create pathways for regional and international partnership.

Generally, Kenya has a robust cyber security policy which includes a legal and regulatory framework. The result has been that impending cyber attacks are discovered before massive damage is done and ongoing attacks are rapidly arrested.

Uganda’s security

Uganda has legislation to protect cyber security. This includes the Computer Misuse Act which ensures the safety and security of electronic transactions and information systems, and the Regulation of Interception of Communications Act to monitor suspicious communications. It also has a national computer emergency response team.

This regulatory framework is similar to those in Kenya and Rwanda. But in addition, Uganda has a National Information and Technology Authority that provides technical support and cyber security training. It also regulates standards and utilisation of information technology in both the public and private sectors. These measures have boosted the countries’ cyber security strategy.

While Uganda has these measures in place, Kenya and Rwanda are two of the top three cyber secure countries in Africa.

Moving ahead

Kenya, Uganda, and Rwanda have taken solid steps to harmonise cybersecurity processes, data protection, and collaborative prosecution and investigation measures.

They have criminalised cybercrime and established frameworks to manage cyber attacks. International cooperation within the region has also enhanced cyber security.

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#deepweb | From The Crown to His Dark Materials: what’s streaming in Australia in November | Television & radio

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Netflix

The Crown, season 3

(UK, 2019)17 November

A new era calls for fresh blood in Buckingham Palace. In the latest season of Netflix’s lavish Emmy and Golden Globe-winning monarchy drama, Olivia Colman takes up the mantle from Claire Foy as steely Queen Elizabeth II. This season, the narrative moves away from exploring marital tension between Elizabeth and Prince Philip, and instead focuses on the now middle-aged royals as they face a rapidly modernising Britain under Harold Wilson’s prime ministership. Colman’s reign is joined by Tobias Menzies as her mellowed-out husband, and the Helena Bonham Carter as Princess Margaret.

Season three spans the years from 1964–76, covering events such as Prince Charles’s investiture as the Prince of Wales (Josh O’Connor) and the Apollo 11 moon landing. Netflix’s review embargo prevents us from saying more, but all signs point to a dramatic ride.

Phantom Thread

By Paul Thomas Anderson (US, 2017) – 9 November

Daniel Day-Lewis as Reynolds Woodcock in Phantom Thread.



Daniel Day-Lewis as Reynolds Woodcock in Phantom Thread. Photograph: Allstar/Focus Features

Paul Thomas Anderson’s dizzying, quietly beguiling romance – of sorts – is imbued with visual restraint and elegant beauty. In Daniel Day Lewis’s apparently final acting role, he finds charismatic rigour in Reynolds Woodcock, a famous dressmaker of London’s 1950s couture world. On the surface, it’s the story of a capricious perfectionist, finding his muse in Alma, a young, shy waitress, with whom he begins a love affair. But when the tables turn, underneath lies a domestic power struggle that develops into something disturbing – and wickedly funny. Radiohead’s Jonny Greenwood composes a classical-style score that’s lush, swoony and increasingly eerie, adding enigmatic layers to the film’s perverse undertones.

Blockers

By Kay Cannon (US, 2018) – 11 November

The three girls at the centre of the raunchy Blockers make a pact through emoji-coded texts to lose their virginity on prom night. Upon discovery of this thread, their overprotective parents (a hilarious Lesley Mann, Ike Barinholtz and John Cena) band together to put a stop to their daughters’ plans. It’s silly, riotous fun, with ridiculous obstacles standing in the way between parents and kids. Director Kay Cannon instils what could be an outdated concept with surprising maturity, entrusting her trio of teens with a self-aware confidence around their sexuality. Here, the unhinged adults have more to learn from the intelligent adolescents. It’s this level of depth that makes this overlooked comedy stick out from the crowd – proving the experiences of a coming-of-age story aren’t just limited to youngsters, it can be for grownups too.

Honourable mentions: Bojack Horseman season 6, part one (TV, out now), Dolemite is My Name (film, out now), Outlander season 4 (TV, 5 November), The King (film, 1 November), Seven (film, 15 November), The Irishman (film, 27 November), Atlantics (film, 29 November)

Amazon

Modern Love

By John Carney (US, 2019) – out now

Catherine Keener and Dev Patel in Modern Love



Catherine Keener and Dev Patel in Modern Love. Photograph: Giovanni Rufino/Amazon Studios

Nothing quite beats the feeling of turning on a comforting rom-com and embracing all of its gooey predictability. In John Carney’s (Once, Sing Street) anthology series, each episode brings to life stories inspired by the popular New York Times column on “relationships, feelings, betrayals, and revelations”. While it may prove frustratingly mawkish for some, there are a few gems tucked in between all the cheese. The episode titled When Cupid Is a Prying Journalist, with Dev Patel as an app founder and Catherine Keener as the journalist interviewing him for a story, particularly shines. With a stacked cast including Anne Hathaway, Tina Fey and Andrew Scott, the show’s lightness and warmth should be enough to tickle the fancy of those who want to snuggle up in bed with a cup of tea and lose themselves in some breezy escapism.

One Child Nation

By Nanfu Wang and Jialing Zhang (US, 2019) 8 November

This Grand Jury prize-winning documentary from Sundance takes a deep dive into the harrowing consequences of China’s 35-year one-child policy. Told through the perspective of co-director Nanfu Wang, the film paints a shocking picture of the ways this social experiment – scrapped at the end of 2015 – affected more than 1 billion people, and continues to have a devastating impact on its citizens’ lives to this day. The film’s eye-opening revelations are simultaneously up close and personal: mothers forced into abortions, foetuses discarded in garbage dumps, abandoned babies on the streets. Among the interviewees are Wang’s own family members, village chiefs and former family planning officials – and the spectrum of emotions on display, which range from grief, guilt to remorse, is heart-wrenching. A vital, enthralling watch.

Honourable mentions: Brittany Runs a Marathon (film, 15 November), The Report (film, 29 November)

ABC iView

Dark Place

(Australia, 2019)out now

This horror anthology, which made the rounds of the Australian film festivals earlier this year, consists of bite-sized stories from five emerging Indigenous Australian filmmakers. Full of blood and guts (at times literally), each narrative varies in style and tone, all the while leaning into and shaking up familiar horror conventions. Featuring mythical creatures from other worlds such as bush ghouls and fanged water creatures, to the murky, more realistic horrors of sex slavery, these films are united by their confrontation of Australia’s ugly colonial past and how this manifests in the present. Collectively, a telemovie that goes beyond mere spooky popcorn entertainment.

Total Control

By Rachel Perkins (Australia, 2019) – new episodes every Sunday

Deborah Mailman as Alex and Rachel Griffiths as prime minister Rachel Anderson in Total Control



Deborah Mailman as Alex and Rachel Griffiths as prime minister Rachel Anderson in Total Control. Photograph: John Platt

Deborah Mailman is Alex Irving: a gutsy Indigenous activist appointed as a senator in federal parliament by prime minister Rachel Anderson (Rachel Griffiths) after a video of her role in a horrific domestic violence incident in her hometown of Winton goes viral. Directed by Rachel Perkins, Total Control features all the walking and talking, back-stabbing and moral conflict you’d expect of a political drama – but it’s made especially timely by its refreshing manoeuvring of the obvious gender and racial imbalance in Canberra, and its protagonist’s ambition to create change through the system. With puncturing, snappy dialogue, the show shines a damning spotlight on the drastically high rates of young Indigenous deaths in custody, entrenched racism, and the shortfalls in the recognition of Indigenous land rights. Mailman’s performance is magnetic, commanding, and at times gleefully unpredictable.

Honourable mentions: Frayed (TV, new episodes every Wednesday), The Strange Chores (TV, every day from 31 October), Julia Zemiro’s Home Delivery (TV, 13 November), Carpark Clubbing (web series, out now)

SBS On Demand

Years and Years

By Russell T Davies (UK, 2019)6 November

Set in the not so distant future, this brilliant six-part BBC One series from Russell T Davies (Doctor Who, A Very English Scandal) envisions a post-2019 world that has only become “hotter and faster and madder”. It’s terrifyingly realistic, though miraculously still maintains moments of light-hearted optimism. The show is grounded in the day-to-day life of three generations of the Lyons family based in Manchester, leaping through time between 2019 and 2034. It imagines a planet where Donald Trump is elected for a second term, the north pole has melted, and China and US trade wars have escalated to the point of nuclear explosive. It’s not all doom and gloom though: energetic family dynamics and giddy technological forecasts (think Snapchat dog filters as actual masks) infuse the show with playful wit. The show is ultimately a blaring alarm bell: a glimpse of what could so easily lie ahead. It’ll be hard completely suspending your disbelief for this one.

Black Narcissus

By Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger (UK, 1947) – 6 November

The 1947 film, Black Narcissus.



Feast for the eyes: the 1947 Powell and Pressburger film Black Narcissus. Photograph: Ronald Grant

Eye-popping technicolour and staggering extreme close-ups come to mind when one thinks of Michael Powell and Emeric Pressburger’s psychological melodrama. Often heralded as one of the first true erotic dramas, Black Narcissus is a feast for the eyes. Amid the remarkable, lofty landscape of the Himalayas (it won the Oscar at the time for best cinematography and art direction), a group of nuns struggle to set up a convent in the high altitude of the mountains. Howling winds and geographic isolation stir up repressed memories and carnal passions, festering and eventually exploding with a hyperbolic sensuousness. In particular, the film is brought to delicious, electric heights by Kathleen Byron as Sister Ruth, driven to the brink of madness by lustful jealousy. A special collection of films by the writing, directing and producing duo Powell and Pressburger will be playing on SBS World Movies this month, later dropping into SBS On Demand.

Honourable Mentions: Sink or Swim (film, 2 November), Broadchurch box set (TV, 14 November), Blue Murder (TV, 20 November), On Becoming God in Central Florida (TV, 21 November), Wellington Paranormal Season 2 (TV, 28 November)

Stan

School of Rock

By Richard Linklater (US, 2003) – out now

The premise of a rock music enthusiast posing as a substitute teacher at a private elementary school is made irresistibly fun by the genius pairing of celebrated indie director Richard Linklater and actor Jack Black, whose sprightly comedic performance here bursts with infectious energy. A class of young gifted musicians are handed down lessons in rock‘n’roll and life, defying parental and teacher expectations with rebellious joy and humour, to compete in the Battle of the Bands. The film has since been turned into a stage musical (showing at Sydney’s Capitol Theatre from November), but it still holds up magnificently as the feel-good, rocking delight it was upon its cinematic release.

Honourable Mentions: Hairspray, Dreamgirls (films, out now), Wayne’s World (film, 2 November), Ain’t Them Bodies Saints (film, 6 November), Tom Cruise collection (films, 15 November), Grease, Saturday Night Fever (films, 16 November),

Foxtel

His Dark Materials

UK, 2019 – 5 November

Lyra Belacqua (Dafne Keen) and Mrs Coulter (Ruth Wilson) in His Dark Materials.



Lyra Belacqua (Dafne Keen) and Mrs Coulter (Ruth Wilson) in His Dark Materials. Photograph: Screen Grab/BBC/Bad Wolf/HBO

Philip Pullman’s esteemed fantasy novel trilogy is finally given the proper treatment it deserves with this new adventure-packed TV series from HBO and the BBC. Erasing the ill-judged 2007 film The Golden Compass from memory, this adaptation stars newcomer Dafne Keen as Lyra: a young orphan living in an alternative world, where the human soul takes the form of a physical animal companion, and the north pole is the only place to escape the oppressive rule of the Magisterium. Featuring Ruth Wilson as the alluring Mrs Coulter and James McAvoy as Lyra’s adventurer uncle, the show follows Lyra in her search for her kidnapped best friend, taking her on an epic quest from Oxford up to the north pole, to understand a mysterious phenomenon called Dust. The world-building is rich and technically impressive, capturing the complexities of the universe – peculiar and wondrous – through a child’s eyes.

Honourable Mentions: Watchmen (TV, out now), Catherine the Great (TV, 3 November), The Favourite, The Hate U Give (films, 1 November), Love Simon (film, 29 November)

Apple TV+

From 2 November

It’s a huge month for streaming, with Apple adding their own platform into the increasingly crowded arena. At the top of their line-up is Morning Wars, the high-stakes TV drama budgeted at a gobsmacking $15m per episode (that’s as much as Game of Thrones). The A-list cast is led by Reese Witherspoon, Jennifer Aniston and Steve Carell, and the show pulls back the curtain on the razing ambitions and tussles for power behind an early morning newscast.

Other highlights include Dickinson, a modern comedic twist on the coming-of-age story of rebellious young poet Emily Dickinson (Hailee Steinfeld); See, a dystopian future where humans have been either wiped out or blinded (with Jason Momoa as a father of twin girls gifted with vision); and The Elephant Queen, a character-driven wildlife documentary centred on a species on the verge of extinction.

While there’ll be only a small selection of originals available upon launch, the catalogue will expand in the months ahead, to include M Night Shyamalan’s thriller Servant, Oprah (an in-conversation between Winfrey and authors around the world), and Sundance award-winning film Hala, starring Australian Geraldine Viswanathan.

Disney+

From 19 November

Rey (Daisy Ridley) and Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) in The Last Jedi



Rey (Daisy Ridley) and Luke Skywalker (Mark Hamill) in The Last Jedi. Photograph: Jonathan Olley/Lucasfilm Ltd

Disney’s new dedicated streaming service will house their own library of original TV shows and films, and the plentiful entertainment that falls under their subsidiaries Pixar, Marvel, Lucasfilm, National Geographic and 20th Century Fox. Offering access to its back catalogue of nostalgia trips (Australia’s suite is yet to be announced, though this US tweet thread might clue us in on a few, including all 30 seasons of The Simpsons), it will also exclusively hold Disney’s 2019 cinema releases and beyond, including Captain Marvel, Avengers: Endgame and The Lion King.

Most notably, the much-anticipated live-action Star Wars TV series spin-off The Mandalorian headlines Disney+’s launch. Created by Jon Favreau, this original series is set after the fall of the Empire and before the emergence of the First Order, following a lone gunfighter in the outer reaches of the Star Wars galaxy.

Other Disney+ originals to keep an eye out in their continual roll-out include The World According to Jeff Goldblum, High School Musical: The Musical: The Series, the holiday comedy Noelle (all available on launch), as well as Diary of a Female President (available January 2020) and a new Lizzie McGuire series with its original cast members.

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What’s #Riding on 5G #Security? The #Internet of #Everything

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

The U.S. government’s idea to take the reins of the development of 5G mobile networks has been met with cynicism and criticism. But there are good reasons the government is worried: Standards haven’t been set in stone yet, and 5G will present a bevy of new security challenges.

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Challenging #Government #Hacking: What’s at #Stake

Source: National Cyber Security – Produced By Gregory Evans

Challenging #Government #Hacking: What’s at #Stake

The FBI is making increasing use of an investigative technique that puts the public’s internet security at risk. This month, the ACLU filed amicus briefs in two cases to challenge the FBI’s use of this technique, which has significant cybersecurity implications for everyone.

The technique — government hacking — involves sending malware over the Internet to search computers remotely, often for information that is transmitted by or stored on anonymous targets’ computers. The malware can give investigators total control over a computer system. Absent extraordinary circumstances, courts should not grant this kind of power to law enforcement — much less with just a run-of-the-mill search warrant.

Malware — software designed to covertly damage a computer, take control of a system, or steal data — is not new to the federal government. The FBI has been deploying tools to search anonymous users’ computers since at least 2002. More recently, however, the FBI has expanded its use of this technique. Rather than deploying tailored malware against individual targets, the agency is now conducting “watering hole” operations that deliver malware to everyone who visits a particular webpage or pages. This can result in hundreds or thousands of computers being compromised, as well as the uncontrolled distribution of malware around the globe.

What the FBI didn’t disclose in court

This month, the ACLU filed briefs in the two cases pending before the Ninth Circuit Court of Appeals that involve the most recent publicly known malware investigation, aimed at users of the Playpen website. Playpen was a site primarily dedicated to disseminating child pornography, though it also hosted some lawful activities like chat and fiction forums. The FBI learned of Playpen, seized the server, and then actually ran the site out of its Virginia offices for two weeks. During that time, the federal government reportedly became one of the largest purveyors in the world of child pornography.  

The FBI took this step in an effort to identify people who visited the site, since visitors were using a privacy-protective web browser called Tor to mask their IP addresses, and thus their identities. (Playpen was designed so that only people using Tor could visit it. The U.S. government originally funded Tor, which serves as an essential tool for activism and free speech across the world. Journalists, bloggers, whistleblowers, human rights workers, and other activists have relied on the Tor network to avoid surveillance by potentially repressive regimes.) 

To obtain permission to deploy the malware —  to which the government gave the anodyne name “Network Investigative Technique,” or “NIT” — the government sought a warrant from a magistrate in the Eastern District of Virginia. The warrant granted the FBI permission to send computer instructions from Playpen to anyone who logged in with a user name and password. These instructions, the magistrate was told, would gather identifying information from the activating computers and send it to the FBI.

In Playpen, the FBI sought to search as many as 158,000 computersaround the world with this malware. As a result, there are now approximately 140 Playpen prosecutions for possession of child pornography wending their way through the federal courts. The ACLU has filed several other amicus briefs with the Electronic Frontier Foundation challenging Playpen searches on the grounds that a single warrant cannot lawfully authorize a search of more than 100,000 people, and that the searches unconstitutionally violated Federal Rule of Criminal Procedure 41, which at the time limited magistrates’ ability to authorize searches to the district in which they operate — whereas the Playpen searches were global in scope. (Rule 41 has since been modifiedand now removes that procedural obstacle for the government to hack remotely.)

In the  briefs we filed with several of our affiliates located in the Ninth Circuit this month — United States v. Tippens and United States v. Henderson — we argue that the FBI failed in its duty of candor to the magistrate judge, rendering the searches unconstitutional. What the FBI did not tell the magistrate judge, among other things, is that for its NIT to work, it had to force visitors’ computers to do something that Tor and every other web browser is not supposed to do — download, install, and run the code transmitted by a webpage. To get that to happen, the NIT used exploit code — software designed to take advantage of a flaw in the way the Tor browser works. Further, because the Tor browser runs on the Firefox Mozilla code, this exploit likely worked on millions of Firefox users.

In other words, the government became a hacker, sending exploit code around the country and the world, compromising browser security and searching computers for information. And astoundingly, it didn’t tell the court that this was how the NIT worked. It even kept secret from the magistrate the very fact that it was, through its exploit, planning to take advantage of a vulnerability in Tor (and likely Firefox).

While the public doesn’t know what the vulnerability was, it likely gave the government, in Mozilla’s words, “total control” over the users’ computers. The FBI may have chosen to use that power only to collect identifying information, as it represented in the search warrant affidavit. But it could have accessed far more — and more private — information.

Without knowing that the government’s malware contained an exploit, the court was not in a good position to closely supervise the computer searches that the FBI’s computer instructions conducted. The magistrate likely had no idea she should police the search to ensure that the government would not misuse its capabilities to search private data for which it had no probable cause. Where searches are particularly intrusive (and especially when they involve digital media like computers), Fourth Amendment case law recommends heightened standards of proof for issuing warrants, search protocols, destruction of unrelated materials, and more to ensure that legitimate government searches do not metastasize into fishing expeditions. The magistrate couldn’t have known that she might want to impose such safeguards in this case.

How FBI hacking can hurt the public

Beyond just the facts of this case, the government’s development, storage, and use of exploits create computer security risks for the public that cannot be mitigated by the warrant process. The government may lose control of malware if an insider leaks or sells the tools, if the government itself is hacked, or if a malware target identifies and publishes the code. Once a hacking tool has been disclosed outside the government, malicious actors have a window of opportunity to use it for their own nefarious purposes.

We know the risk that the government will lose control of exploits is real, because we’ve seen it happen a number of times:

In 2013, the FBI deployed malware on multiple websites hosted by a company called Freedom Hosting. This malware similarly took advantage of a Firefox security vulnerability to identify users of Tor. Innocent individuals who visited the targeted Freedom Hosting sites — which included TorMail, an encrypted email service used by all kinds of people all over the world to ensure privacy in their communications — noticed the hidden computer instructions embedded in the sites, and within days, the code was being “circulated and dissected all over the net.” Eventually, the same attack showed up “in the wild”, using essentially the same exploit the government used to compromise Freedom Hosting visitors to hack users of the Tor browser more widely.
The government’s exploits also can be stolen. In 2016, the public learned that an entity calling itself the Shadow Brokers obtained National Security Agency malware from an external NSA “staging server.” Following some initial attempts to sell the exploits, the Shadow Brokers dumped dozens of NSA hacking tools online for free in April 2017. One of the tools the Shadow Brokers released — called EternalBlue — exploited a flaw in Microsoft software. Once released, the tool was repurposed into a virulent piece of ransomware called WannaCry, which infected hundreds of thousands of computer systems worldwide in May 2017.
The very next month, another malware attack began spreading internationally after initially hitting critical infrastructure in Ukraine. Similar to WannaCry, the worm, dubbed NotPetya, made use of EternalBlue as well as another NSA exploit, called EternalRomance, also released by the Shadow Brokers. WannaCry and NotPetya infected such crucial systems as hospitals, power companies, shipping, and banking, endangering human life as well as economic activity.
Courts have said that dangerous tools used to effectuate otherwise lawful searches — tools like flashbang grenades and battering rams — can be unreasonable under the Fourth Amendment. Government malware is another such tool. Some investigative techniques are just too dangerous to use.

Cybersecurity is hard, and we are not doing a very good job of protecting the systems that we rely on. This task gets even harder if the government is an active attacker on the network with a vested interest in keeping computers insecure in case an investigator wants to conduct a search. If we aren’t careful, this powerful tool that the FBI now uses, like other powerful tools, will eventually trickle down to state and local police departments.

The government should be fighting to secure computers — not to hack them or to stockpile exploit codes that can be lost or stolen, and then misused and abused. As we told the Ninth Circuit, the Fourth Amendment needs to protect the public’s privacy and security. Secretive and unregulated government hacking endangers both.

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What’s Missing From the Discussion of Teacher Shortages? A Researcher Explains – Teaching Now – Education Week Teacher

A researcher calls for a more nuanced discussion of teacher shortages, rather than a broad-strokes depiction of a national shortage.

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After Friedrichs, What’s Next for Teachers’ Unions in the Supreme Court?

Other cases involving public employee unions and agency fees for non-members are in the pipeline, and could reach the court in a year or two.

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What’s the Best Game Console for Kids?

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Woman, 24, charged with murder, child abuse, leaving accident scene in Strip crash NDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movDozens Of Pedestrians Mowed Down In Vegas Strip Hit-And-Run (CBS Miami/Inform)NDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movWitness: I saw some bodies just flying in the air (CNN)1004411555_strip_folo-dec_5.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_2.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Planet Hollywood hotel-casino that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_6.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_3.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_4.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004398647_strip_crash_1_14_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004398647_strip_crash_12_7_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec23.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS10.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS15A.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS16.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS13.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS18.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS12.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS1720copy.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) stripfatalone.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS03.JPG Metro Capt. Peter Bofelli briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS06.JPG Metro Deputy Chief Brett Zimmerman briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS01.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS07.JPG Police Lt. Dan McGrath briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae imagevideo Related links Car plows into pedestrians near Planet Hollywood, killing one, injuring 37 — VIDEO Arrest report, sheriff provide details of Strip crash that left 1 dead, dozens injured By Kimberly De La Cruz and David Ferrara Las Vegas Review-Journal Lakeisha Holloway’s path to the Strip seems to have passed out of homelessness and back again. And now the woman accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a busy sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others, faces a murder charge. On Tuesday, the Clark County district attorney’s office charged Holloway, 24, with one count each of murder with a deadly weapon; child abuse, neglect, or endangerment; and leaving the scene of an accident. Her first court appearance is scheduled for 8 a.m. today, the office said in a Tuesday morning news release. Not long ago, Holloway had seemed to be turning her life around. CNN reported an Oregon nonprofit organization gave Holloway a role model award in 2012. But on surveillance video taken Sunday,a source close to the investigation said, Holloway is seen driving her Oldsmobile along the Strip, creeping along with the flow of traffic, before suddenly accelerating and turning right onto the sidewalk in front of Planet Hollywood Resort. Pedestrians headed south scattered, but many of those walking north never saw Holloway’s car, as they were struck from behind. Holloway drove through the crosswalk in front of Paris Las Vegas and careened into a light pole. Jessica Valenzuela was trapped under the Oldsmobile for at least 200 yards as pedestrians ran alongside, banging on the car and trying to get Holloway to stop, the source said. Valenzuela, 32, of Buckeye, Ariz., died at University Medical Center. The Clark County coroner’s office did not determine the cause and manner of her death Tuesday. A crowdfunding campaign set up for Valenzuela described her as a wife and mother of three and had already raised more than $33,800 as of 4 p.m. Tuesday. Thirty-five people were injured in the crash, three of whom had critical head injuries, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo said. Most of the injured were taken to Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center and UMC. Some of them were college athletes who had come to compete in the Wartburg Desert Duals wrestling tournament held annually in Las Vegas. Two of the teams, Pacific University of Oregon, and Delaware Valley University, pulled out of the competition Monday as four Pacific team members were injured and five Delaware Valley athletes were reported injured. Holloway told police that she remembered a body bouncing off her windshield, breaking it. She told police she was not on drugs or alcohol, according to the arrest report. Blood samples were taken from Holloway, and although she did not demonstrate signs of being under the influence of alcohol when she was arrested, she may have been on stimulants, the report said. Authorities are expecting results of Holloway’s drug test to be returned soon. Holloway’s lawyer, Deputy Public Defender Scott Coffee, said that her status at the jail “speaks to her mental state.” Of the allegations, he said “everybody realizes this is a tragic event,” but declined to comment further. As of Tuesday evening, two people remained in critical condition and three others were listed as serious, UMC spokeswoman Danita Cohen said. Metro officer Michael Rodriguez said Holloway is in medically restricted custody at the Clark County Detention Center, which could mean she is injured, needs medical attention or is suicidal. There is no designated “suicide watch,” Rodriguez said, and if someone in custody showed signs of being suicidal, “we would not disclose that.” Holloway was taken into custody Sunday without incident at the Tuscany, where Lombardo on Monday said she left her daughter in the car and told a valet to call the police because she had hit several people on the Strip. The 3-year-old child, who wasn’t hurt in the crash, was taken from the Tuscany, on the corner of Flamingo Road and Koval Lane, and into state custody at Child Haven, Lombardo said. “Generally speaking, when a child comes into our custody, we make contact with the parent, if available, to determine if there are relatives or ‘fictive kin’ (people who have a relationship with the child) who may be appropriate for the child’s placement,” Clark County spokesman Erik Pappa wrote in an email Tuesday. When asked whether the girl remained in state custody Tuesday, Pappa said he “can’t confirm much of anything.” It is unclear whether she has been placed with family, but Lombardo said officials were working to find her father. Las Vegas police are framing the incident as intentional. Lombardo said police do not know Holloway’s motive. Holloway’s fortunes seemed brighter not long ago, according to CNN. The nonprofit Portland Opportunities Industrial Center gave Holloway its C.A.R.E. Role Model Award in 2012. The center helps at-risk youth with education and career training. In a center video for that year, Holloway said she’d been homeless in high school, put out of the house during her high school freshman year by her mother. Holloway said her grades and attendance suffered, and by the end of that school year, her GPA was 1.41. But she turned things around. “I beat the odds and was the first of my family and my circle to graduate high school,” she said, adding that she graduated with a 3.4 GPA and $17,000 in scholarship money. Holloway said she was also the first in her family to go to college. Later, she landed a job at the U.S. Forest Service. “Boy, did I come a long ways,” Holloway said on the video. “I was a scared little girl who knew that there was more to life outside of crime, drug addiction, lower income, alcoholism, being undereducated — all of which I grew up being familiar with.” Las Vegas police don’t think Sunday’s crash was an act of terrorism, but Lombardo said they can’t rule it out fully until they know more about Holloway. A national background check turned up no prior arrests for her. Investigators determined that Holloway has been in Las Vegas for about a week, living in her car with her daughter. Holloway told police that security guards ran her off everywhere she stopped to get some sleep in her car. She ended up on the Strip, “a place she did not want to be,” and wouldn’t explain why she drove onto the sidewalk, according to the arrest record. In the release announcing the charges, Clark County District Attorney Steve Wolfson expressed sympathy for the victims and their families. “This is a horrendous and inexcusable act that has needlessly and tragically impacted countless lives,” he wrote. “I am confident that, as the investigation unfolds, we will be filing many more charges against Ms. Holloway.” — Contact Kimberly De La Cruz at kdelacruz@reviewjournal.com or 702-383-0381. Find her on Twitter: @KimberlyinLV. Contact reporter David Ferrara at dferrara@reviewjournal.com or 702-380-1039. Find him on Twitter @RandomPoker. Las Vegas Review-Journal writers Ricardo Torres and Matthew Crowley contributed to this report. Lakeisha Holloway Criminal Complaint Volunteers needed for…Police describe details of… by Taboola Sponsored Links From the Web 25 Adorable Photos That Will Melt Your Heart TheCelebrityLane Jackpot Games with Highest Chances to Win [Guide] Thedailyxpressen | PlayMillion New Investing Strategy To Wipe Out Inflation? Ultimate4Trading Toshiba’s 4K convertible is desirable but can you afford one? Tech Advisor Low Disposable Income? See How You Compare Money Advice Service 1970s Ads You Wont Believe Things Life Comment section guidelines The below comment section contains thoughts and opinions from users that in no way represent the views of the Las Vegas Review-Journal or GateHouse Media. This public platform is intended to provide a forum for users of reviewjournal.com to share ideas, express thoughtful opinions and carry the conversation beyond the article. Users must follow the guidelines under our Commenting Policy and are encouraged to use the moderation tools to help maintain civility and keep discussions on topic. by Taboola Sponsored Links From the Web 25 Adorable Photos That Will Melt Your Heart TheCelebrityLane Jackpot Games with Highest Chances to Win [Guide] Thedailyxpressen | PlayMillion New Investing Strategy To Wipe Out Inflation? Ultimate4Trading LIVE CHAT NOW SUBMIT A NEWS TIP Most Popular Top Commented ‘Distraught’ Holloway appears in court to face charges in Strip crash A message from the new owners about the future of the Las Vegas Review-Journal Judge in Adelson lawsuit subject to unusual scrutiny amid Review-Journal sale SolarCity stopping Nevada sales, installations after PUC ruling Dire warnings issued for rooftop-solar industry after new rates OK’d Columnists Features Patrick Everson Stocking stuffers on the day before Christmas Jane Ann Morrison Don’t be scammed; give wisely Politics Trump mentioned most at last week’s debate in Las Vegas Road Warrior Countdown clocks have issues, but dancing signal may be helping More Columnists , Integral Ad Science (AdSafe Media) – Ad Swapping|Impression| CALENDAR THU 24 FRI 25 SAT 26 SUN 27 MON 28 TUE 29 WED 30 A All Week MADAME TUSSAUDS LAS VEGAS Venetian Thursday, Dec 24, 10:00 am-9:00 pm JAN ROUVEN: ‘THE NEW ILLUSIONS’ Tropicana Thursday, Dec 24, 6:00 pm BRAD GARRETT’S COMEDY CLUB MGM Grand Thursday, Dec 24, 8:00 pm MICHAEL JACKSON ONE Mandalay Bay Friday, Dec 25, 7:00 pm Search for… Search Doctors Find New Facelift in a Bottle to Remove 20 Years of Aging Demi Cheated on for Looking Too Old – See Her Revenge Makeover Brain Booster Too Effective, Should It Be Banned? Barbara Walters: I am Done With the View and Never Felt Better Barbara Walters Refuses to Return to the View, Due to This Secret Research Reveals the Four Stages Before a Heart Attack Stephen Hawking Says This Smart Pill Is Proven to Double IQ Demi Gets Makeover Revenge on Ashton – See It Here What’s This?

Lakeisha Holloway’s path to the Strip seems to have passed out of homelessness and back again. And now the woman accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a busy sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others, faces a murder charge.

On Tuesday, the Clark County district attorney’s office charged Holloway, 24, with one count each of murder with a deadly weapon; child abuse, neglect, or endangerment; and leaving the scene of an accident.

Her first court appearance is scheduled for 8 a.m. today, the office said in a Tuesday morning news release.

Not long ago, Holloway had seemed to be turning her life around.

Read More

The post Woman, 24, charged with murder, child abuse, leaving accident scene in Strip crash NDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923148.movDozens Of Pedestrians Mowed Down In Vegas Strip Hit-And-Run (CBS Miami/Inform)NDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movNDN-VIDEO-40192923149.movWitness: I saw some bodies just flying in the air (CNN)1004411555_strip_folo-dec_5.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_2.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Planet Hollywood hotel-casino that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_6.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_3.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec_4.jpg Lakeisha Holloway is shown in a photo from her Facebook page. Holloway is accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a Strip sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others. Photo Facebook 1004398647_strip_crash_1_14_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004398647_strip_crash_12_7_0.jpg Police investigate the scene of an accident on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae 1004411555_strip_folo-dec23.jpg Police investigate the scene on the Las Vegas Strip outside Paris Las Vegas on Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015, after a car plowed into pedestrians on the sidewalk, killing one person and injuring 37 people, six critically. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg LakeishaHolloway_4.jpg STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS10.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS15A.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS16.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS13.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS18.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS12.JPG Bystanders watch as police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS1720copy.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) stripfatalone.jpg Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. (Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae) STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS03.JPG Metro Capt. Peter Bofelli briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS06.JPG Metro Deputy Chief Brett Zimmerman briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS01.JPG Police investigate the scene of a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae STRIP20FATAL20PHOTOS07.JPG Police Lt. Dan McGrath briefs the media about a crash on the Strip in Las Vegas that left one person dead and 37 injured after a car plowed into a group of pedestrians the evening of Sunday, Dec. 20, 2015. Rachel Aston/Las Vegas Review-Journal Follow @rookie__rae imagevideo Related links Car plows into pedestrians near Planet Hollywood, killing one, injuring 37 — VIDEO Arrest report, sheriff provide details of Strip crash that left 1 dead, dozens injured By Kimberly De La Cruz and David Ferrara Las Vegas Review-Journal Lakeisha Holloway’s path to the Strip seems to have passed out of homelessness and back again. And now the woman accused of driving her Oldsmobile onto a busy sidewalk Sunday, killing one and injuring dozens of others, faces a murder charge. On Tuesday, the Clark County district attorney’s office charged Holloway, 24, with one count each of murder with a deadly weapon; child abuse, neglect, or endangerment; and leaving the scene of an accident. Her first court appearance is scheduled for 8 a.m. today, the office said in a Tuesday morning news release. Not long ago, Holloway had seemed to be turning her life around. CNN reported an Oregon nonprofit organization gave Holloway a role model award in 2012. But on surveillance video taken Sunday,a source close to the investigation said, Holloway is seen driving her Oldsmobile along the Strip, creeping along with the flow of traffic, before suddenly accelerating and turning right onto the sidewalk in front of Planet Hollywood Resort. Pedestrians headed south scattered, but many of those walking north never saw Holloway’s car, as they were struck from behind. Holloway drove through the crosswalk in front of Paris Las Vegas and careened into a light pole. Jessica Valenzuela was trapped under the Oldsmobile for at least 200 yards as pedestrians ran alongside, banging on the car and trying to get Holloway to stop, the source said. Valenzuela, 32, of Buckeye, Ariz., died at University Medical Center. The Clark County coroner’s office did not determine the cause and manner of her death Tuesday. A crowdfunding campaign set up for Valenzuela described her as a wife and mother of three and had already raised more than $33,800 as of 4 p.m. Tuesday. Thirty-five people were injured in the crash, three of whom had critical head injuries, Clark County Sheriff Joe Lombardo said. Most of the injured were taken to Sunrise Hospital and Medical Center and UMC. Some of them were college athletes who had come to compete in the Wartburg Desert Duals wrestling tournament held annually in Las Vegas. Two of the teams, Pacific University of Oregon, and Delaware Valley University, pulled out of the competition Monday as four Pacific team members were injured and five Delaware Valley athletes were reported injured. Holloway told police that she remembered a body bouncing off her windshield, breaking it. She told police she was not on drugs or alcohol, according to the arrest report. Blood samples were taken from Holloway, and although she did not demonstrate signs of being under the influence of alcohol when she was arrested, she may have been on stimulants, the report said. Authorities are expecting results of Holloway’s drug test to be returned soon. Holloway’s lawyer, Deputy Public Defender Scott Coffee, said that her status at the jail “speaks to her mental state.” Of the allegations, he said “everybody realizes this is a tragic event,” but declined to comment further. As of Tuesday evening, two people remained in critical condition and three others were listed as serious, UMC spokeswoman Danita Cohen said. Metro officer Michael Rodriguez said Holloway is in medically restricted custody at the Clark County Detention Center, which could mean she is injured, needs medical attention or is suicidal. There is no designated “suicide watch,” Rodriguez said, and if someone in custody showed signs of being suicidal, “we would not disclose that.” Holloway was taken into custody Sunday without incident at the Tuscany, where Lombardo on Monday said she left her daughter in the car and told a valet to call the police because she had hit several people on the Strip. The 3-year-old child, who wasn’t hurt in the crash, was taken from the Tuscany, on the corner of Flamingo Road and Koval Lane, and into state custody at Child Haven, Lombardo said. “Generally speaking, when a child comes into our custody, we make contact with the parent, if available, to determine if there are relatives or ‘fictive kin’ (people who have a relationship with the child) who may be appropriate for the child’s placement,” Clark County spokesman Erik Pappa wrote in an email Tuesday. When asked whether the girl remained in state custody Tuesday, Pappa said he “can’t confirm much of anything.” It is unclear whether she has been placed with family, but Lombardo said officials were working to find her father. Las Vegas police are framing the incident as intentional. Lombardo said police do not know Holloway’s motive. Holloway’s fortunes seemed brighter not long ago, according to CNN. The nonprofit Portland Opportunities Industrial Center gave Holloway its C.A.R.E. Role Model Award in 2012. The center helps at-risk youth with education and career training. In a center video for that year, Holloway said she’d been homeless in high school, put out of the house during her high school freshman year by her mother. Holloway said her grades and attendance suffered, and by the end of that school year, her GPA was 1.41. But she turned things around. “I beat the odds and was the first of my family and my circle to graduate high school,” she said, adding that she graduated with a 3.4 GPA and $17,000 in scholarship money. Holloway said she was also the first in her family to go to college. Later, she landed a job at the U.S. Forest Service. “Boy, did I come a long ways,” Holloway said on the video. “I was a scared little girl who knew that there was more to life outside of crime, drug addiction, lower income, alcoholism, being undereducated — all of which I grew up being familiar with.” Las Vegas police don’t think Sunday’s crash was an act of terrorism, but Lombardo said they can’t rule it out fully until they know more about Holloway. A national background check turned up no prior arrests for her. Investigators determined that Holloway has been in Las Vegas for about a week, living in her car with her daughter. Holloway told police that security guards ran her off everywhere she stopped to get some sleep in her car. She ended up on the Strip, “a place she did not want to be,” and wouldn’t explain why she drove onto the sidewalk, according to the arrest record. In the release announcing the charges, Clark County District Attorney Steve Wolfson expressed sympathy for the victims and their families. “This is a horrendous and inexcusable act that has needlessly and tragically impacted countless lives,” he wrote. “I am confident that, as the investigation unfolds, we will be filing many more charges against Ms. Holloway.” — Contact Kimberly De La Cruz at kdelacruz@reviewjournal.com or 702-383-0381. Find her on Twitter: @KimberlyinLV. Contact reporter David Ferrara at dferrara@reviewjournal.com or 702-380-1039. Find him on Twitter @RandomPoker. Las Vegas Review-Journal writers Ricardo Torres and Matthew Crowley contributed to this report. Lakeisha Holloway Criminal Complaint Volunteers needed for…Police describe details of… by Taboola Sponsored Links From the Web 25 Adorable Photos That Will Melt Your Heart TheCelebrityLane Jackpot Games with Highest Chances to Win [Guide] Thedailyxpressen | PlayMillion New Investing Strategy To Wipe Out Inflation? Ultimate4Trading Toshiba’s 4K convertible is desirable but can you afford one? Tech Advisor Low Disposable Income? See How You Compare Money Advice Service 1970s Ads You Wont Believe Things Life Comment section guidelines The below comment section contains thoughts and opinions from users that in no way represent the views of the Las Vegas Review-Journal or GateHouse Media. This public platform is intended to provide a forum for users of reviewjournal.com to share ideas, express thoughtful opinions and carry the conversation beyond the article. Users must follow the guidelines under our Commenting Policy and are encouraged to use the moderation tools to help maintain civility and keep discussions on topic. by Taboola Sponsored Links From the Web 25 Adorable Photos That Will Melt Your Heart TheCelebrityLane Jackpot Games with Highest Chances to Win [Guide] Thedailyxpressen | PlayMillion New Investing Strategy To Wipe Out Inflation? Ultimate4Trading LIVE CHAT NOW SUBMIT A NEWS TIP Most Popular Top Commented ‘Distraught’ Holloway appears in court to face charges in Strip crash A message from the new owners about the future of the Las Vegas Review-Journal Judge in Adelson lawsuit subject to unusual scrutiny amid Review-Journal sale SolarCity stopping Nevada sales, installations after PUC ruling Dire warnings issued for rooftop-solar industry after new rates OK’d Columnists Features Patrick Everson Stocking stuffers on the day before Christmas Jane Ann Morrison Don’t be scammed; give wisely Politics Trump mentioned most at last week’s debate in Las Vegas Road Warrior Countdown clocks have issues, but dancing signal may be helping More Columnists , Integral Ad Science (AdSafe Media) – Ad Swapping|Impression| CALENDAR THU 24 FRI 25 SAT 26 SUN 27 MON 28 TUE 29 WED 30 A All Week MADAME TUSSAUDS LAS VEGAS Venetian Thursday, Dec 24, 10:00 am-9:00 pm JAN ROUVEN: ‘THE NEW ILLUSIONS’ Tropicana Thursday, Dec 24, 6:00 pm BRAD GARRETT’S COMEDY CLUB MGM Grand Thursday, Dec 24, 8:00 pm MICHAEL JACKSON ONE Mandalay Bay Friday, Dec 25, 7:00 pm Search for… Search Doctors Find New Facelift in a Bottle to Remove 20 Years of Aging Demi Cheated on for Looking Too Old – See Her Revenge Makeover Brain Booster Too Effective, Should It Be Banned? Barbara Walters: I am Done With the View and Never Felt Better Barbara Walters Refuses to Return to the View, Due to This Secret Research Reveals the Four Stages Before a Heart Attack Stephen Hawking Says This Smart Pill Is Proven to Double IQ Demi Gets Makeover Revenge on Ashton – See It Here What’s This? appeared first on Parent Security Online.

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What’s Marriage Got to Do With Poverty?

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